Taxonomy and pathogenicity of Erwinia cacticida sp. nov.

@article{Alcorn1991TaxonomyAP,
  title={Taxonomy and pathogenicity of Erwinia cacticida sp. nov.},
  author={S. Alcorn and T. Orum and A. Steigerwalt and J. Foster and J. C. Fogleman and D. J. Brenner},
  journal={International journal of systematic bacteriology},
  year={1991},
  volume={41 2},
  pages={
          197-212
        }
}
A total of 108 pectolytic, soft-rotting Erwinia strains were collected from 11 types of cacti growing in Arizona, Texas, northern Mexico, and Australia between 1958 and 1989. Four strains were collected from soils beneath or close to naturally rotting saguaro cacti. Collectively, these strains caused soft rots of saguaro, organ pipe, and senita cacti, Opuntia (cactus) fruits and pads, tomato fruits, and potato slices, but only occasionally caused soft rots of slices of carrot roots. A numerical… Expand
Infection by a coronatine-producing strain of Pectobacterium cacticidum isolated from sunflower plants in Mexico is characterized by soft rot and chlorosis
TLDR
The results suggest that this strain may utilize a dual infection process involving cell maceration and plant toxins, which is synchronized via an unknown mechanism, might confer an adaptive advantage to colonize different plant hosts. Expand
Identification and Characterisation of Bacteria Causing Soft-rot in Agave tequilana
TLDR
This is the first report that associates E. cacticida with A. tequilana soft-rot symptoms and identifies it as a main pathogen. Expand
Identification of Pectobacterium species isolated from the soft rot of tetecho (Neobuxbaumia tetetzo), a columnar cactus, and associated metagenomics
TLDR
The presence of Pectobacterium brasiliense, in the soft rot of N. tetetzo and the presence of other bacteria associated with the rot was confirmed and four operational taxonomic units (OTUs) at the order level, unique to the diseased tissue were indicated. Expand
Pectobacterium punjabense sp. nov., isolated from blackleg symptoms of potato plants in Pakistan.
  • S. Sarfraz, K. Riaz, +4 authors D. Faure
  • Biology, Medicine
  • International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
  • 2018
TLDR
Genomic and phenotypic comparisons permitted the identification of additional traits that distinguished the Pakistani isolates from all other known Pectobacterium type strains, and supported the delineation of a new species. Expand
Pectobacterium polonicum sp. nov. isolated from vegetable fields.
TLDR
The phenotypic comparisons, fatty acid methyl esters compositions, genetic rep PCR fingerprint and detailed whole-cell MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry proteomic profiles permitted the differentiation of Polish strains from the type strains of all other known species of the genus Pectobacterium. Expand
Transfer of the waterfall source isolate Pectobacterium carotovorum M022 to Pectobacterium fontis sp. nov., a deep-branching species within the genus Pectobacterium.
TLDR
By combining genomic and phenotypic tests, strain M022T may be distinguished from the other Pectobacterium isolates by its incapacity to grow on d(+)-xylose, l-rhamnose, cellobiose and lactose. Expand
Updated Taxonomy of Pectobacterium genus in the CIRM-CFBP Bacterial Collection: When Newly Described Species Reveal “Old” Endemic Population
Bacterial collections are invaluable tools for microbiologists. However, their practical use is compromised by imprecise taxonomical assignation of bacterial strains. This is particularly true forExpand
Characterization of Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. odoriferum causing soft rot of stored vegetables
TLDR
To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report that P. c. Expand
Updated Taxonomy of Pectobacterium Genus in the CIRM-CFBP Bacterial Collection: When Newly Described Species Reveal “Old” Endemic Population
TLDR
An analysis of P. versatile, recently described in 2019, is the most prevalent species among CIRM-CFBP strains and revealed that this species is pandemic and isolated from various host plants and environments. Expand
Transfer of Erwinia ananas (synonym, Erwinia uredovora) and Erwinia stewartii to the Genus Pantoea emend. as Pantoea ananas (Serrano 1928) comb. nov. and Pantoea stewartii (Smith 1898) comb. nov., Respectively, and Description of Pantoea stewartii subsp. indologenes subsp. nov.
TLDR
It is proposed that E. ananas and E. uredovora should be united in a single species, which should be classified in the genus Pantoea as PantoeA ananas (Serrano 1928) comb. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 26 REFERENCES
Numerical taxonomy of Erwinia species using API systems
TLDR
The results show that API systems are a useful and rapid alternative to conventional phenotypical testing for the classification and identification of Erwinia species. Expand
Deoxyribonucleic Acid Relatedness Among Erwiniae and Other Enterobacteriaceae: the Soft-Rot Organisms (Genus Pectobacterium waldee)
TLDR
With few exceptions, the pectobacteria are 20 to 50% related to other members of the family Enterobacteriaceae. Expand
DNA base composition and taxonomy of phyopathogenic and other enterobacteria.
TLDR
It is not clear whether the genus Erwinia, defined as it is solely on the basis of plant habitat, should be maintained or whether its species might not, just as rationally, be distributed throughout other genera of the family Enterobacteriaceae. Expand
Transfer of Enterobacter agglomerans (Beijerinck 1888) Ewing and Fife 1972 to Pantoea gen. nov. as Pantoea agglomerans comb. nov. and Description of Pantoea dispersa sp. nov.
TLDR
DNA hybridization group 14589 constitutes a discrete species within the family Enterobacteriaceae and is proposed to unite DNA hybridization groups 14589 and 27155 in a single genus, Pantoea gen. nov. Expand
Escherichia vulneris: a New Species of Enterobacteriaceae Associated with Human Wounds
The name Escherichia vulneris sp. nov. (formerly called Alma group 1 and Enteric group 1 by the Centers for Disease Control and API group 2 by Analytab Products, Inc.) is proposed for a group ofExpand
Rejection of the Names Erwinia carnegieana Standring 1942 and Pectobacterium carnegieana (Standring 1942) Brenner, Steigerwalt, Miklos and Fanning 1973: Request for an Opinion†
TLDR
Two groups of bacteria with differing characteristics are currently referred to as Erwinia carnegieana Standring 1942 and neither group fits the original description for this bacterium, so an opinion is requested that the name E. car Carnegieana be rejected as nomen dubium. Expand
Microbial colonization of injured cactus tissue (Stenocereus gummosus) and its relationship to the ecology of cactophilic Drosophila mojavensis
TLDR
Analysis of the volatile compounds present in the developing rots over time indicated that the volatile pattern is dynamic and Ethanol and acetic acid were the two volatile substances most likely responsible for the initial attraction of the injuries for Drosophila species. Expand
Genus Erwinia: Numerical Analysis of Phenotypic Features
TLDR
API 20E and API 50CHE systems were applied to a total of 529 strains, including 421 strains belonging to 21 different Erwinia species, 66 Enterobacter agglomerans strains, 18 Escherichia adecarboxylata strains, and 24 strains of 16 other enterobacteria, confirming the heterogeneous taxonomic structure of the genus ErwinIA. Expand
Differentiation of Erwinia carotovora ssp. carotovora and E. carotovora ssp. atroseptica on the basis of cellular fatty acid composition
The cellular fatty acids of Erwinia carotovora were analyzed by gas–liquid chromatography with a fused-silica capillary column. All strains contained, in decreasing order of amount present,Expand
The taxonomic significance of fermentative versus oxidative metabolism of carbohydrates by various gram negative bacteria.
TLDR
In the absence of compounds such as nitrates, the oxidation of carbohydrates is a strictly aerobic process, whereas fermentation is an anaerobic process. Expand
...
1
2
3
...