Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of African spurfowls Galliformes, Phasianidae, Phasianinae, Coturnicini: Pternistis spp.

  title={Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of African spurfowls Galliformes, Phasianidae, Phasianinae, Coturnicini: Pternistis spp.},
  author={Tshifhiwa G. Mandiwana-Neudani and Rob M. Little and Timothy M. Crowe and Rauri C. K. Bowie},
  pages={145 - 172}
Afro-Asiatic perdicine galliform birds, commonly and inconsistently referred to as francolins, spurfowls and partridges, have contentious taxonomic and phylogenetic histories. In a widely followed monograph, Hall combined two putative monophyletic, but taxonomically unnamed, clades comprising 28 perdicine species known as ‘francolins’ or fisante in South Africa and 13 additional quail-like species (partridges or patryse) into a single genus, Francolinus, which was the largest genus within the… 

Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of ‘true’ francolins: Galliformes, Phasianidae, Phasianinae, Gallini; Francolinus, Ortygornis, Afrocolinus gen. nov., Peliperdix and Scleroptila spp.

The monophyly of a larger patryse clade is confirmed, including members of Hall’s ‘Spotted Group’ and one ‘Unplaced’ species, gularis, and it is proposed that they should be referred to commonly as ‘francolins’.

Clarifying taxonomic, distributional and genetic information relating to subspecies of the Hildebrandt’s Spurfowl Pternistis hildebrandti and the Yellow-necked Spurfowl P. leucoscepus

Two errors were made in the publication of suggested errata regarding the distribution of P. leucoscepus in Eritrea and north-east Ethiopia.

Phylogeographical history of the Olive Woodpecker Dendropicos griseocephalus , a species widely distributed across Africa

within widely distributed polytypic African bird species with disjunct ranges. Current knowledge indicates that high levels of genetic differentiation are found for such lineages but generalization

The importance of adopting an integrative taxonomy framework in species delimitation: Response to Hunter et al. (2021)

The review by Hunter et al. (2021) on the delineation of certain francolin and spurfowl taxa as full species by Mandiwana-Neudani et al. (2019a, 2019b) appears to be largely orientated around their

Reflections concerning spurfowl and francolin species recommendations contained in Mandiwana-Neudani et al. (2019a and 2019b)

Recently, two papers by Mandiwana-Neudani et al. (2019a, 2019b) revisited the taxonomy of all Afrotropical spurfowl and francolins and proposed significant changes at the species level. A careful

Taxonomic revision of francolins – reflections from a central African perspective

This commentary focuses on the central Africa forms of Coqui Peliperdix coqui, Chestnut-breasted Pe.

Purpose of Crested Francolin Ortygornis sephaena male collective calls at dusk based on livestream audio censusing

The goals of the present paper are to describe the vocal footprint of neighbouring Crested Francolin territorial males and understand the purpose of collective calls, which is likely a form of cooperation to detect vocal responses by interlopers.

Framing the future for taxonomic monography: Improving recognition, support, and access

No abstract available.



Phylogenetic affinities of evolutionarily enigmatic African galliforms: the Stone Partridge Ptilopachus petrosus and Nahan's Francolin Francolinus nahani, and support for their sister relationship with New World quails

Phylogenetic analyses of the combined sequences from three nuclear and four mitochondrial markers overwhelmingly support the sister relationship between F. nahani and P. petrosus, the distantly related sister taxon of the New World quails (Odontophoridae), and are not related to any other Old World galliform.

Taxonomic and Phylogenetic Utility of Variation in Advertising Calls of Francolins and Spurfowls (Galliformes: Phasianidae)

The phylogenetic results suggest that shortStrophes evolved from longer strophes among taxa within the genera Scleroptila and Peliperdix, and corroborate the francolin-spurfowl dichotomy, with francolin calls generally being long and tonal, containing a series of discrete elements that have detectable harmonics.

A study of gross morphological and histological syringeal features of true francolins (Galliformes: Francolinus, Scleroptila, Peliperdix and Dendroperdix spp.) and spurfowls (Pternistis spp.) in a phylogenetic context

Gross morphological and histological syringeal anatomy of francolins, spurfowls and sister taxa are explored to test whether differences are concordant with a molecular-based hypothesis, and differences found were the presence of a shield-versus diamond-shaped tympanum among francolin and spurfowlers respectively.

Phylogenetics, biogeography and classification of, and character evolution in, gamebirds (Aves: Galliformes): effects of character exclusion, data partitioning and missing data

The combined‐data cladogram supports the hypothesis that basal lineages of galliforms diverged prior to the Cretaceous/Tertiary (K‐T) Event and that the subsequent cladogenesis was influenced by the break‐up of Gondwana.

Francolin phylogenetics: molecular, morphobehavioral, and combined evidence.

The molecular data suggest that the two francolin clades diverged approximately 3-6 MYA, and climatic fluctuations of the past 2.5 MYA may have led to the diversification of the ecologically different francolin species groups and speciation within them.

Rediscovery of the Black-fronted Francolin Pternistis ( castaneicollis ) atrifrons ( Conover , 1930 ) ( Aves : Galliformes : Phasianidae ) with notes on biology , taxonomy and conservation

In May 2012 and in May 2013 we searched for the Black-fronted Francolin Pternistis (castaneicollis) atrifrons in the Mega area in southern Ethiopia. Since most of the scarcely published records date

The genetic link between the Chinese bamboo partridge (Bambusicola thoracica) and the chicken and junglefowls of the genus Gallus.

Comparison of mitochondrial control-region DNA base sequences of 16 avian species belonging to the subfamily Phasianinae revealed that the one perdicine species, Bambusicola thoracica, was more closely related to phasianine genera Gallus and Pavo than to members of other perdICine generA.

A new member of the greater double-collared sunbird complex (Passeriformes: Nectariniidae) from the Eastern Arc Mountains of Africa.

Although the phylogenetic species concept is favoured, although the birds from Nyika and Udzungwa-Rubeho are reciprocally monophyletic for mitochondrial DNA, coalescent analyses of the microsatellite data and the total molecular dataset could not reject the possibility of continued gene flow between the two populations.

A molecular phylogeny of the pheasants and partridges suggests that these lineages are not monophyletic.

The molecular phylogenetic analyses indicated that the pheasants and partridges arose through a rapid radiation, making it difficult to establish higher level relationships, but was able to establish six major lineages containing pheasant and partridge taxa.

Pliocene forest dynamics as a primary driver of African bird speciation.

Phylogenetic divergence dates coincide with a single period of lowland forest retraction in the late Pliocene, suggesting that most montane speciation resulted from the rapid isolation of populations in montane areas, rather than montane Areas themselves being drivers of speciation.