Taxonomic revision of the genus Smilax (Smilacaceae) in Central America and the Caribbean Islands

  title={Taxonomic revision of the genus Smilax (Smilacaceae) in Central America and the Caribbean Islands},
  author={Lilian Ferrufino-Acosta},
Abstract Ferrufino-Acosta L.: Taxonomic revision of the genus Smilax (Smilacaceae) in Central America and the Caribbean Islands. — Willdenowia 40: 227–280. — Online ISSN 1868-6397; © 2010 BGBM Berlin-Dahlem. doi:10.3372/wi.40.40208 (available via Smilax is a poorly understood genus, as the lack of agreement among the taxonomic treatments shows. Twenty-nine species of Smilax are recognised for Central America and the Caribbean region as the result of this study, much less… 

The diversity of Smilax (Smilacaceae) leaves from the Middle Miocene in southeastern China

The Fotan flora represents a tropical rainforest biome and is known by its abundance of fossil plant remains, which mainly include leaves and fruits. In this article, we describe three Smilax

Smilax (Smilacaceae) from the Miocene of western Eurasia with Caribbean biogeographic affinities.

The new Smilax provides first fossil evidence of the Havanensis group and proves that this group had a western Eurasian distribution during the Miocene, providing evidence that all four subclades within the "New World clade" had a disjunct intercontinental distribution during parts of the Neogene involving trans-Atlantic crossings and the Beringia land bridge.

Flora of Guaramacal (Venezuela): Monocotyledons

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Molecular analysis indicates that phylogenetic relationships largely contradict the traditional morphological classification of the family, instead showing a conspicuous geographical pattern among the species clades.

Short Communication: Phylogenetic analysis and molecular identification of Canar (Smilax spp.) in Java, Indonesia Based on DNA Barcoding Analysis

The phylogenetic tree constructed by Maximum Likelihood analysis showed that the monophyletic of Smilacaceae consisted of four clades and the genus Heterosmilax nested with Smilax though with low bootstraps value, which supports the monogeneric status of SmILacaceae.

The diversity of Smilax (Smilacaceae) in Besiq-Bermai and Bontang Forests, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

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The demand of Smilax (to ineffectively treat syphilis) in combination with deforestation reduced their populations in Honduras, and the amount of zarzaparrilla exported from Honduras in 1855 may have been three times the amount that arrived in Boston given that while in Jamaica, ships were unloaded and their zarZaparrillas cargo was subdivided into boats destined for Habana, London, and Boston.

Smilax weniae, a New Species of Smilacaceae from Limestone Areas Bordering Guizhou and Guangxi, China

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The great greenbriers gall mystery resolved? New species of Aprostocetus Westwood (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) gall inducer and two new parasitoids (Hymenoptera, Eurytomidae) associated with Smilax L. in southern Florida, USA

It is concluded that A. smilax is the true gall inducer on Smilax L., and thus the host records of Diastrophus smilacis Ashmead and its inquiline Periclistus smILacisAshmead, both fromSmilax, are erroneous.

Uses, abundance perception, and potential geographical distribution of Smilax aristolochiifolia Mill (SMILACACEAE) on the Totonacapan Region of Puebla, Mexico

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The study of material received since that time has resulted in a few changes and additions that are here proposed, including one new species, S. chiriquensig, and an account of the Panamanian species.

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In order to construct phylogenetic relationships of the family Smilacaceae, 79 species representing all genera and sections of the family from all over the world were used for cladistic analysis,


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Fenologia de lianas y arboles anemocoros en una selva calido-humeda de Mexico

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Flowering Phenology and Pollination of Cobaea aschersoniana (Polemoniaceae) 1

COBAEA ARE VINES AND LIANAS THAT OCCUR IN MONTANE AND UPLAND FORESTS from Mexico through Central America to Venezuela and in the Andes from Colombia to northern Chile (Grant 1959). Cobaea

The identity and typification of Smilax grandifolia Regel, nom. illeg. and S. regelii Killip & C. V. Morton (Smilacaceae)

Smilax regelii Killip & C. V. Morton (1936), universally applied to an economically important Central American sarsaparilla, is a nomen novum for an illegitimate later homonym, S. grandifolia Regel

An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV

A revised and updated classification for the families of the flowering plants is provided and the use of bracketing families that could be included optionally in broader circumscriptions with other related families are expanded.

Flora of the Cayman Islands

Resumption by the author in 1991 of field work in the Cayman Islands, together with new information from other sources, has so far resulted in 74 new species records in 40 families, representing a statistical increase of slightly more than 12%.

Diversity and classification of flowering plants

The culmination of more than fifty years of research by the foremost living expert on plant classification, Diversity and Classification of Flowering Plants is an important contribution to the field