Tardive dyskinesia and ethnicity: review of the literature.

  title={Tardive dyskinesia and ethnicity: review of the literature.},
  author={J R Swartz and Karl S Burgoyne and Mark W. Smith and Rangaswamy Gadasally and Jambur Ananth and Kartik Ananth},
  journal={Annals of clinical psychiatry : official journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists},
  volume={9 1},
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a side effect of long-term neuroleptic administration. The wide variation of 2 to 51% in its reported prevalence can be attributed to the varied definitions of TD, the use of different methods of assessment, and the lack of control of independent variables. Why only certain patients develop this side effect is an intriguing question. The occurrence of TD in family members and in those persons with a family history of Parkinson's disease (PD) is suggestive of genetic… CONTINUE READING