Tanzania fifty years on (1961–2011): rethinking ujamaa, Nyerere and socialism in Africa

  title={Tanzania fifty years on (1961–2011): rethinking ujamaa, Nyerere and socialism in Africa},
  author={John S. Saul},
  journal={Review of African Political Economy},
  pages={117 - 125}
  • J. Saul
  • Published 1 March 2012
  • History
  • Review of African Political Economy
December 8, 1961. Fifty years ago: Tanzanian Independence Day (it was actually still Tanganyika then, until the union with Zanzibar a few years later changed the country’s name to Tanzania). But, of course, many countries in Africa were obtaining their independence from the British and French colonial states in those years. What set Tanzania apart in the 1960s, much as Ghana had been set apart in the 1950s by Kwame Nkrumah’s ‘Black Star’ (as Basil Davidson once entitled a book chronicling… 

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