Tamoxifen-resistant human breast cancer cell growth: inhibition by thioridazine, pimozide and the calmodulin antagonist, W-13.


Estrogen receptor (ER)-negative human breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-435) and ER-positive derivatives of the MCF-7 cell line selected for growth in the presence of antiestrogens (LY2 and RR) were used as in vitro models of tamoxifen-resistant human breast cancer in this study. The sensitivity of the tamoxifen-sensitive (MCF-7) and tamoxifen… (More)