Talking with tact: Polite language as a balance between kindness and informativity

Abstract

Conveying information in a false or indirect manner in consideration of listeners’ wants (i.e. being polite) seemingly contradicts an important goal of a cooperative speaker: information transfer. We propose that a cooperative speaker considers both epistemic utility, or utility of providing the listener new and accurate information, and social utility, or… (More)

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5 Figures and Tables