Talent development in sport: A critical review of pathways to expert performance

@article{Coutinho2016TalentDI,
  title={Talent development in sport: A critical review of pathways to expert performance},
  author={Patr{\'i}cia Coutinho and Isabel Mesquita and Ant{\'o}nio Manuel Fonseca},
  journal={International Journal of Sports Science \& Coaching},
  year={2016},
  volume={11},
  pages={279 - 293}
}
This review aims to examine the most significant research regarding the development of talent in sport, with a focus on the quantity and type of practice necessary for the attainment of expertise. A total of 54 peer-reviewed empirical articles were collected and analysed for their content. The literature reveals considerable evidence demonstrating that both early specialization and early diversification can lead to expertise development. However, the contrasting views of deliberate practice and… 

Figures from this paper

A Review of Pathways Towards Expert Performance on Elite Youth Athletes

The objective of this paper was to review research publications related to the developmental pathways of elite youth athletes in sport activities. The method that had been used was PRISMA statement.

The Role of Challenge in Talent Development: Understanding Impact in Response to Emotional Disturbance

Negative experiences seemed to offer developmental opportunities wider than just learning to cope, at least for those who eventually succeeded, and progress was dependent on an interaction between individual skill, interpretation, context and social setting.

Talent Development in Sport Requires Athlete Enrichment: Contemporary Insights from a Nonlinear Pedagogy and the Athletic Skills Model

Insight and principles of contemporary models of pedagogy, such as Nonlinear Pedagogy (NLP) and the Athletic Skills Model (ASM), which offer valuable frameworks for talent development are discussed, by considering implications of adopting such principles for developing athlete functionality in specific performance environments.

Premature Professionalisation or Early Engagement? Examining Practise in Football Player Pathways

Evidence points to the need to look beyond the prevalent ‘early specialisation vs. diversification’ debate in youth sport towards a consideration of an early engagement perspective that reflects the biopsychosocial influences on talent development and the socio-political environment that influences decisions.

Challenging our understanding of youth sport specialization: an examination and critique of the literature through the lens of Bronfenbrenner’s Person-Process-Context-Time Model

ABSTRACT The examination of youth sport specialization and athlete participation pathways have been sustained lines of inquiry among multiple branches of the sport sciences. The common consensus in

Talent as a social construction: Proposing a constructivist conceptualization of athletic talent

Talent identification, selection, and development represent critical areas of inquiry for sport scientists as indicated in the large amount of research attention dedicated to these topics. However,

Investigating the Youth Sports Development Pathway Within a South African Context

The results provide evidence with some practical significance as supportive and challenging environment and long-term development focus reported a small effect, and a more suitable measuring instrument is warranted to measure the talent development pathway within the investigated athlete environment.

Exploring Forms of Life in Player Development Pathways: The Case of British Rugby League

Social, cultural, and historical constraints can influence attitudes towards learning, developing, and performing in sport. A recent conceptualization of these environmental constraints in athlete

Skills development or talent identification? An exploration of sport development initiatives in three previously disadvantaged communities in Tshwane, South Africa

The development of skilled athletes and players is an important step towards creating a winning sporting nation. Even though there are a variety of approaches that can be used to develop the sport

Aspects of Developmental Pathways toward World-Class Parasport

The developmental pathways of athletes with a physical disability into world-class parasport are much less researched and understood compared to able-bodied athletes’ participation histories. The
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 139 REFERENCES

20 years later: deliberate practice and the development of expertise in sport

Twenty-one years ago, Ericsson, Krampe and Tesch-Romer published their seminal work expounding the notion of deliberate practice in explaining the development of expertise. This concept has since

Expert Performance in Sport and the Dynamics of Talent Development

This approach suggests that talent development programmes should eschew the notion of common optimal performance models, emphasize the individual nature of pathways to expertise, and identify the range of interacting constraints that impinge on performance potential of individual athletes, rather than evaluating current performance on physical tests referenced to group norms.

Defining elite athletes: Issues in the study of expert performance in sport psychology

Early Specialization in Youth Sport: A Requirement for Adult Expertise?.

The role of early specialization in the development of sport expertise is a point of contention among researchers. While there is consistent evidence linking quantity of training with level of

Successful talent development in track and field: considering the role of environment

An analysis of a particular athletic talent development environment, the IFK Växjö track and field club, is presented and key factors behind its successful history of creating top‐level athletes are examined.

The Influence of the Family in the Development of Talent in Sport

The purpose of the present study was to describe patterns in the dynamics of families of talented athletes throughout their development in sport. Four families, including three families of elite

Towards a model of talent development in physical education

Traditional conceptions of talent generally emphasise the construction of threshold values and the development of relatively unitary abilities, and this approach still dominates talent development

Developmental activities that lead to dropout and investment in sport

Background: Studies suggest that expert performance in sport is the result of long-term engagement in a highly specialized form of training termed deliberate practice. The relationship between

Paths to expertise in portuguese national team athletes.

The results suggest that involvement in multiple sports during early stages of development is an alternative to early specialization and add further evidence of the complexity of skill acquisition in sport.

Conditions of Children's Talent Development in Sport

This is a comprehensive study of sports impact on childhood skill acquisition. The text takes multiple factors into account, including activities in which children participate during their
...