Taking on the Second Shift: Time Allocations and Time Pressures of U.S. Parents with Preschoolers

@article{Milkie2009TakingOT,
  title={Taking on the Second Shift: Time Allocations and Time Pressures of U.S. Parents with Preschoolers},
  author={Melissa A Milkie and Sara B. Raley and Suzanne M. Bianchi},
  journal={Social Forces},
  year={2009},
  volume={88},
  pages={487 - 517}
}
The term "second shift" from Hochschild's (1989) classic volume is commonly used by scholars to mean that employed mothers face an unequal load of household labor and thus a "double day" of work. We use two representative samples of contemporary U.S. parents with preschoolers to test how mothers employed fulltime and married to a full-time worker (focal mothers) differ in time allocations and pressures from fathers and from mothers employed parttime or not at all. Results indicate focal mothers… 

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