Taking a knee: Perceptions of NFL player protests during the National Anthem

  title={Taking a knee: Perceptions of NFL player protests during the National Anthem},
  author={Evelyn Stratmoen and Tiffany J. Lawless and Donald A. Saucier},
  journal={Personality and Individual Differences},

United We Stand, Divided We Kneel: Examining Perceptions of the NFL Anthem Protest on Organizational Reputation

During a 2016 National Football League (NFL) preseason game, former San Francisco 49er quarterback, Colin Kaepernick sat during the playing of the national anthem in protest of police brutality. His

Image Repair Using Social Identity Leadership: An Exploratory Analysis of the National Football League’s Response to the National Anthem Protests

Events such as player protests can create image crises that require sport organizations to engage in political issues. In this manuscript, we blend image repair theory with the social identity

Two tales of two protests: Principled and partisan attitudes toward politically charged protests

The First Amendment of the United States Constitution protects individual's right to protest, but people tend to have differing attitudes toward protests depending on the issue being protested.

Who Says Shut Up and Dribble? Race and the Response to Athletes' Political Activism

  • D. Niven
  • Sociology
    Journal of African American Studies
  • 2020
In response to a political comment from NBA superstar LeBron James, a Fox News commentator suggested he “shut up and dribble.” James and many others considered the comment racist. Defenders suggested

“Sorry, I already have a boyfriend”: Masculine honor beliefs and perceptions of women’s use of deceptive rejection behaviors to avert unwanted romantic advances

We examined the relationships between masculine honor beliefs (MHB) and women’s endorsement of various rejection-related behaviors, as well as both men’s and women’s perceptions of men’s aggressive

Race, Dehumanization, and the NFL National Anthem Protests

Abstract Dehumanizing language, or language used to describe human beings as non-human entities, is increasingly prevalent in political life. This dehumanization also occurs frequently in the world

Exceptional Injustice: Facebook as a Reflection of Race- and Gender-Based Narratives Following the Death of George Floyd

Following the death of George Floyd, Facebook posts about the Black Lives Matter movement (BLM) surged, creating the opportunity to examine reactions by race and sex. This study employed a two-part

“Stick to Sports”? First Amendment Values and Limitations to Student-Athlete Expression

  • Mi-Kyu Park
  • Education
    Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
  • 2021
The resurgence of political activism by student-athletes raises the specter of increased constitutional challenges to public university regulations on student-athlete speech. This article explores

Biblical Patriotism: An Evangelical Alternative to Nationalism

In the Deep South of the United States, there has been a strong respect placed on the value of God and country, and this was always seen as a virtue. However, over the past few years, a healthy view

Approche psycho-sociale des dégradations de symboles nationaux : conséquences sur les relations intergroupes, implication de l’identification et des patriotismes

Cette these etudie l’impact des degradations de symboles nationaux sur les relations intergroupes et les dimensions psycho-sociales (identification et patriotismes) pouvant le moduler. Les symboles



Individual Differences in Masculine Honor Beliefs Predict Attitudes Toward Aggressive Security Measures, War, and Peace

We hypothesized that individual differences in masculine honor beliefs (MHBs) would predict participants’ views of the world and the potential for evil and good among the people in it, as well as

Individual differences in the propensity to make attributions to prejudice

Whether racism is perceived in ambiguous situations may depend on individual differences in perceivers’ beliefs about the prevalence of racial prejudice and discrimination, trivialization of targets’

Don’t Tread on Me

These studies are the first to show that masculine honor ideology in the U.S. has implications for the intergroup phenomenon of people’s responses to terrorism.

On the Varieties of National Attachment: Blind Versus Constructive Patriotism

Two studies explored a theoretical distinction between “blind” and “constructive” patriotism. Blind patriotism is defined as an attachment to country characterized by unquestioning positive

Insult, aggression, and the southern culture of honor: an "experimental ethnography".

Findings highlight the insult-aggression cycle in cultures of honor, in which insults diminish a man's reputation and he tries to restore his status by aggressive or violent behavior.

Gun Enthusiasm, Hypermasculinity, Manhood Honor, and Lifetime Aggression

ABSTRACT Links between gun enthusiasm, hypermasculinity, manhood honor maintenance, trait antagonism, and lifetime aggression were examined in this national sample of American men (N = 861).

Black and blue: Exploring racial bias and law enforcement in the killings of unarmed black male civilians.

The psychological antecedents of these killings are dissected and it is explained how the nature of police work may attract officers with distinct characteristics that may make them especially well-primed for negative interactions with Black male civilians.