Tai Chi for Risk of Falls. A Meta‐analysis

@article{LomasVega2017TaiCF,
  title={Tai Chi for Risk of Falls. A Meta‐analysis},
  author={Rafael Lomas-Vega and Esteban Obrero-Gait{\'a}n and Francisco Javier Molina-Ortega and Rafael del-Pino-Casado},
  journal={Journal of the American Geriatrics Society},
  year={2017},
  volume={65}
}
To analyze the effectiveness of tai chi for falls prevention. 
Effectiveness of Tai Chi for Health Promotion of Older Adults: A Scoping Review of Meta-Analyses
Background. Tai Chi is a form of exercise that is accessible to people from different socioeconomic backgrounds, making it a potentially valuable activity for health promotion of older adults. Purp...
A Cluster Randomized Trial of Tai Chi vs Health Education in Subsidized Housing: The MI‐WiSH Study
Tai Chi (TC) may benefit older adults with a variety of diseases and disabilities. We tested the hypothesis that TC improves physical function in older adults living in low‐income housing facilities.
Tai Chi for the Prevention of Falls Among Older Adults: A Critical Analysis of the Evidence.
  • S. Nyman
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of aging and physical activity
  • 2020
TLDR
High-quality evidence suggests that Tai Chi is an effective intervention for preventing falls in community settings; however, there is unclear evidence for long-term care facilities and an absence of evidence for hospital settings.
Tai Chi for Falls Prevention: A Student-led DNP Project
TLDR
The acceptance of the null hypothesis is attributed to the low enrollment and high attrition rate, which might reinforce the validity of Tai Chi as a practical recommendation due to its cost-effective simple interventional design and effectiveness for prevention of accidental falls.
Managing Fall Prevention through Exercise in Older Adults Afflicted by Cognitive and Strength Impairment
TLDR
It is important to recognize that although exercises help reduce the risk of falling and play a significant role in improving mobility safely, there will always be a risk of falls.
Comparisons of Interventions for Preventing Falls in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
TLDR
Exercise alone and various combinations of interventions were associated with lower risk of injurious falls compared with usual care, and choice of fall-prevention intervention may depend on patient and caregiver values and preferences.
Randomised Controlled Trial Of The Effect Of Tai Chi On Postural Balance Of People With Dementia
TLDR
This Tai Chi intervention has potential to reduce the incidence of falls and improve quality of life among community-dwelling PWD and the feasibility of a definitive trial on falls prevention is investigated.
Tai Chi Beyond Balance and Fall Prevention: Health Benefits and Its Potential Role in Combatting Social Isolation in the Aging Population
TLDR
A historical perspective on TC is provided and how its original preventative tenants can be applied today to help improve the health of older adults.
Feasibility of Implementing a Tai Chi Program in an Assisted Living Facility: Reducing Fall Risks and Improving Quality of Life
TLDR
It is suggested that TC is a feasible exercise that might have the potential to reduce risk of falls in older adults, and the program was well accepted with no serious or other adverse events reported.
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References

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Effectiveness of Tai Chi as a Community‐Based Falls Prevention Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Trial
TLDR
To compare the effectiveness of tai chi and low‐level exercise in reducing falls in older adults and to determine whether mobility, balance, and lower limb strength improved and whether higher doses of tao chi resulted in greater effect, a large number of older adults were surveyed.
A Randomized, Controlled Trial of tai chi for the Prevention of Falls: The Central Sydney tai chi Trial
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of a 16‐week community‐based tai chi program in reducing falls and improving balance in people aged 60 and older.
Lack of Effect of Tai Chi Chuan in Preventing Falls in Elderly People Living at Home: A Randomized Clinical Trial
TLDR
Evaluation of the effectiveness of Tai Chi Chuan in fall prevention in elderly people living at home with a high risk of falling finds it to be effective in both the prevention and the treatment of falls.
Reducing Frailty and Falls in Older Persons: An Investigation of Tai Chi and Computerized Balance Training
TLDR
The effects of two exercise approaches, Tai Chi and computerized balance training, on specified primary outcomes (biomedical, functional, and psychosocial indicators of frailty) and secondary outcomes (occurrence of falls) are evaluated.
The effect of fall prevention exercise programmes on fall induced injuries in community dwelling older adults: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
TLDR
Exercise programmes designed to prevent falls in older adults seem also to prevent injuries caused by falls, including the most severe injuries.
Effects of Home‐Based Tai Chi and Lower Extremity Training and Self‐Practice on Falls and Functional Outcomes in Older Fallers from the Emergency Department—A Randomized Controlled Trial
TLDR
To compare the effects of guided home‐based tai chi chuan (TCC) and lower extremity training (LET) and of levels of self‐practice on falls and functional outcomes in older fallers, a comparison of TCC and LET is conducted.
The Effect of Tai Chi on Reducing the Risk of Falling: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
TLDR
It is concluded that Tai Chi is more effective than other measures, or no intervention, for fall prevention in at-risk populations and to analyze the consequences of falls and to study the episodes rather than the cases of falls.
Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community.
TLDR
Exercise interventions reduce risk and rate of falls, and home safety interventions did not reduce falls, but were effective in people with severe visual impairment, and in others at higher risk of falling.
The influence of tai chi and yoga on balance and falls in a residential care setting: a randomised controlled trial.
TLDR
The findings of the study suggest it is possible to safely implement modified yoga and tai chi in a residential care setting and evaluate this using RCT design and show positive changes to balance, pain and quality of life.
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