Tactics, strategies and templets*

@article{Southwood1988TacticsSA,
  title={Tactics, strategies and templets*},
  author={T. Richard E. Southwood},
  journal={Oikos},
  year={1988},
  volume={52},
  pages={3-18}
}
land Writing in 1980, Professor Per Brinck drew attention to "that coherent system of ideas and approaches which is necessary to shape any branch of science. " As he also pointed out in the same paper, the science of ecology has developed greatly over the last few decades, and recently many have sought theoretical concepts that would bring a coherence to our subject - to avoid, in Watt's (1971) words, being washed out to sea in an immense tide of unrelated information. The most modest role for… 
Generalization in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: From Hypothesis to Paradigm
TLDR
It is argued that broad, simple generalizations, not specifically linked to contingencies, will rarely approach truth in ecology and evolutionary biology, and it is suggested that it would be profitable to develop general explanatory ‘frameworks’.
Guide to the marine sport fishes of Atlantic Canada and New England
TLDR
Although it covers a wider range of topics, Stearns' book is shorter and more sharply focused because of its stronger organization.
Lessons from the size efficiency hypothesis II. The mire of complexity
Over the years, models and concepts developed to explain the behaviour of lake plankton have been generalized and extended to most parts of the limnetic community. This development has now fused with
Lessons from the size efficiency hypothesis II. The mire of complexity
Over the years, models and concepts developed to explain the behaviour of lake plankton have been generalized and extended to most parts of the limnetic community. This development has now fused with
Lessons from the size efficiency hypothesis II. The mire of complexity (1)
Over the years, models and concepts developed to explain the behaviour of lake plankton have been generalized and extended to most parts of the limnetic community. This development has now fused with
The stress debate: symptom of impending synthesis?
TLDR
There are recurrent types of evolutionary response to stress and these provide important clues to the structure and dynamics of communities and ecosystems and can assist the understanding of phenomena as widely divergent as the decline or expansion of populations within the British flora and fauna and the persistence of radionuclides in unproductive terrestrial ecosystems.
Habitat Templets and the Changing Worldview of Ecology
TLDR
Habitat templets are graphical-qualitative models which describe the development of life-history strategies in specific environmental conditions, and the focus is oriented towards the environmental causal factors, considering density-dependent phenomena as by-products of the environmental impact.
Why Do They Fail?
It is well known that local-level policymakers avoid developing strategies for how to handle long-term population decline. A central claim in this chapter is that we should try to understand why this
Working with Heterogeneity: An Operator’s Guide to Environmental Gradients
TLDR
Eight guidelines for using gradients as research tools are explored and centrifugal organization is discussed, a model of community organization at the landscape scale that is built around species’ responses to gradients.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 109 REFERENCES
RESTITUTION OF r- AND K-SELECTION AS A MODEL OF DENSITY-DEPENDENT NATURAL SELECTION
TLDR
It is argued that rand K-selection may have important ramifications for the understanding of life history evolution, but for the model to be useful, it must be interpreted strictly as it was originally formulated: as a model of density-dependent natural selection.
Estimating r: A Pedagogical Note
  • R. May
  • Biology
    The American Naturalist
  • 1976
TLDR
The paper focused on natural selection, the costs of reproduction, and a refinement of Lack's principle in populations of Tribolium confusum, which had an important effect on population dynamics.
HABITAT, THE TEMPLET FOR ECOLOGICAL STRATEGIES?
TLDR
In this Address, the author will attempt some quantification, but will not be able to emulate those former Presidents who have been able to provide a definitative synthesis of a field or of their own studies, and his offering can be but a small beginning, an indication of the type of characteristics the authors should quantify.
Conceptual Issues in Ecology
TLDR
The Background and Some current problems of Theoretical Ecology are reviewed.
Evolutionary Rates under Environmental Stress
TLDR
The underlying emphasis of this chapter is that environmental stresses are of major importance for any consideration of evolutionary rates in particular periods of rapid change.
Resource competition and community structure.
  • D. Tilman
  • Medicine, Biology
    Monographs in population biology
  • 1982
TLDR
This book builds a mechanistic, resource-based explanation of the structure and functioning of ecological communities and explores such problems as the evolution of "super species," the differences between plant and animal community diversity patterns, and the cause of plant succession.
The Ecology of Animal Movement
TLDR
The editors' aim has been to concentrate on current and fundamental problems in movement to stimulate interest by enabling the authors to put forward new ideas in a well- reasoned and coherent way.
The Concept of r- and K-Selection: Evidence from Wild Flowers and Some Theoretical Considerations
TLDR
The crucial evidence needed for r- and K-selection is whether an organism is allocating a greater proportion of its resources to reproductive activities than another related one (K-strategist) under any and all D.I. mortality conditions.
Life-History Tactics: A Review of the Ideas
  • S. Stearns
  • Biology, Medicine
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1976
TLDR
This review organizes ideas on the evolution of life histories into more comprehensive theory that makes more readily falsifiable predictions, and examination of different definitions of fitness.
Mathematical Ecology and Its Place among the Sciences. (Book Reviews: Geographical Ecology. Patterns in the Distribution of Species)
TLDR
This book is the summation of the life work of one of the most influential scientists of the authors' time and will continue to be read by anyone concerned with biological ideas.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...