author={Adam M. Willows and Marcus Baynes-Rock},
Are animals moral agents? In this paper, a theologian and an anthropologist unite to bring the resources of each field to bear on this question. Alas, not all interdisciplinary conversations end harmoniously, and after much discussion the two authors find themselves in substantial disagreement over the answer. The paper is therefore presented in two halves, one for each side of the argument. As well as presenting two different positions, our hope is that this paper clarifies the different… 


Hume on the nonhuman animal.
  • T. Beauchamp
  • Psychology, Philosophy
    The Journal of medicine and philosophy
  • 1999
David Hume's most significant philosophical contribution was to move as far as anyone before him to a naturalistic explanation of human and nonhuman minds that invited psychological and epistemological examination of minds by using the identical methods and categories for man and beast.
Does Moral Subjectivism Rest on a Mistake
This paper is about the moral subjectivism that, for the last sixty years or so, has dominated moral philosophy in England, America, and other countries in which analytic philosophy is taught. This
  • J. Haidt
  • Psychology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2008
It is suggested that both lines of moral psychology have limited themselves to the moral domain prescribed by the liberation narrative, and so one future step for moral psychology should be to study alternative moral perspectives, particularly religious and politically conservative ones in which morality is, in part, about protecting groups, institutions, and souls.
Natural normativity: The ‘is’ and ‘ought’ of animal behavior
The evolution of behavior is sometimes considered irrelevant to the issue of human morality, since it lacks the normative character of morality (‘ought’), and consist entirely of descriptions of how
Reflections on the Evolution of Morality
In my summary lecture at the IRAS 1997 Star Island Conference on the Evolution of Morality, I reflected on the thinking of other speakers in light of my own personal experience. My remarks were
Ethics and Experience: Life Beyond Moral Theory
Ethics and Experience presents a wide-ranging and thought-provoking introduction to the question famously posed by Socrates: “How is life to be lived?” An excellent primer for any student taking a
Wild Justice: The Moral Lives of Animals
It is revealed that animals exhibit a broad repertoire of moral behaviors, including fairness, empathy, trust, and reciprocity, and there is no moral gap between humans and other species.
Animal Passions and Beastly Virtues: Reflections on Redecorating Nature
Who hasn't wondered what it's like to be a dog or bird? Such questions seem unanswerable because we have no way of getting into an animal's mind. Marc Bekoff's work on animal behavior and mind draws
Moral Agency in Other Animals
The view that all and only humans possess moral agency indicates the authors' underestimation of the mental lives of other animals.
Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy
Since the authors are approaching these topics from the standpoint of social scientists, their recommendations for legislative action which surely must be based on properly ethical considerations, not merely sociological ones seem devoid of any satisfactory rational support.