author={Alastair J Norcross},
  journal={Social Philosophy and Policy},
  pages={76 - 95}
  • A. Norcross
  • Published 24 November 2008
  • Philosophy
  • Social Philosophy and Policy
Abstract One of the currently popular dogmata of anti-consequentialism is that consequentialism doesn't respect, recognize, or in some important way account for what is referred to as the “separateness of persons.” The charge is often made, but rarely explained in any detail, much less argued for. In this paper I explain what I take to be the most plausible interpretation of the separateness of persons charge. I argue that the charge itself can be deconstructed into at least two further… 
Epistemic Consequentialism: Haters Gonna Hate
Epistemic consequentialism has been charged with ignoring the epistemic separateness of propositions and with (thereby) allowing trade-offs between propositions. Here, I do two things. First, I
Equality or priority about competing claims?
According to the Competing Claims View (CCV) we decide between alternatives by looking at the competing claims held by affected individuals. The strength of these claims is a function of two
Morality, Uncertainty
Non-Consequentialist moral theories posit the existence of moral constraints: prohibitions on performing particular kinds of wrongful acts, regardless of the good those acts could produce. Many
Ryder’s Painism and His Criticism of Utilitarianism
As a member of the British Oxford Group, psychologist Richard Ryder marked the beginning of the modern animal rights and animal welfare movement in the seventies. By introducing the concept
Relevance and Non-consequentialist Aggregation
Interpersonal aggregation involves the combining and weighing of benefits and losses to multiple individuals in the course of determining what ought to be done. Most consequentialists embrace
Would Human Extinction Be Morally Wrong?
This article casts light on the moral implications of the possibility of human extinction, with a specific focus on extinction caused by an interruption in human reproduction. In the first two
Consequentialism and Its Variants
After Chap. 3 introduced the Family Resemblance Approach to criticizing consequentialism, this chapter completes its first three steps. The first step consists in examining a paradigmatic
If You’re a Rawlsian, How Come You’re So Close to Utilitarianism and Intuitionism? A Critique of Daniels’s Accountability for Reasonableness
It is demonstrated that accountability for reasonableness has important points of contact with both utilitarianism and intuitionism, the main targets of Rawls’s argument.
Many-valued logic and sequence arguments in value theory
Some find it plausible that a sufficiently long duration of torture is worse than any duration of mild headaches. Similarly, it has been claimed that a million humans living great lives is better
Utilitarian View on Persistent Use of Corporal Punishment in Secondary Schools in Kisii Central Sub County , Kenya
The outlawing of corporal punishment (CP) in Kenya's schools in the year 2001 was a significant step towards promoting education achievement in the country. However, the implementation of the ban has


Intransitivity and the Person-Affecting Principle
Philosophy journals and conferences have recently seen several attempts to argue that 'all-things-considered better than' does not obey strict transitivity. This paper focuses on Larry Temkin's
Utilitarianism and the Virtues
It is remarkable how utilitarianism tends to haunt even those of us who will not believe in it. It is as if we for ever feel that it must be right, although we insist that it is wrong. T.M. Scanlon
Off Her Trolley? Frances Kamm and the Metaphysics of Morality
Frances Kamm's aptly titled Intricate Ethics is a tour de force of what Peter Unger calls the ‘preservationist’ approach to ethical theory. Here is some of what she says about her methodology:
Counterexamples to the Transitivity of ‘Better Than’
Ethicists and economists commonly assume that if A is all things considered better than B, and B is all things considered better than C, then A is all things considered better than C. Call this
Killing and Letting Die
This collection contains twenty-one thought-provoking essays on the controversies surrounding the moral and legal distinctions between euthanasia and "letting die," illustrating exceptionally well the dispute between two rival theories of ethics, consequentialism and deontology.
Contemporary Ethics: Taking Account of Utilitarianism
Preface and Acknowledgments. 1. Introducing Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism, Law and Society. Understanding Utilitarianism. Two Rival Nonconsequentialist Theories. The Deathbed Promise. Consequences,
Contemporary debates in moral theory
Notes on Contributors. Introduction James Dreier. Part I: Normative Theory. Is the rightness of action determined by the value of consequences?. 1. The Consequentialist Perspective: William Shaw. 2.
Reasons and Persons
This book challenges, with several powerful arguments, some of our deepest beliefs about rationality, morality, and personal identity. The author claims that we have a false view of our own nature;
Aggregating Harms - Should We Kill to Avoid Headaches?
: It is plausible to claim that it is morally worse to kill an innocent person than to give any number of people a mild one-hour headache. Alaistar Norcross has argued that consequentialists, at
Contractualism and Aggregation
In What We Owe to Each Other Tim Scanlon attempts to have his cake and eat it too. He claims both that his contractualist theory provides an intuitive way to block the aggregative feature of