TUTORIAL: 'Mind the gap': science and ethics in nanotechnology

@article{Mnyusiwalla2003TUTORIALT,
  title={TUTORIAL: 'Mind the gap': science and ethics in nanotechnology},
  author={Anisa Mnyusiwalla and Abdallah S. Daar and Peter A. Singer},
  journal={Nanotechnology},
  year={2003}
}
Nanotechnology (NT) is a rapidly progressing field. Advances will have a tremendous impact on fields such as materials, electronics, and medicine. A thorough review of the current literature, governmental funding, and policy documents was undertaken. Despite the potential impact of NT, and the abundance of funds, our research revealed that there is a paucity of serious, published research into the ethical, legal, and social implications of NT. As the science leaps ahead, the ethics lags behind… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Ethics of Nanotechnology State of the Art and Challenges Ahead
Parallel to the public discussion on the benefits and risks of nanotechnology, a debate on the ethics of nanotechnology has begun. In this contribution, an attempt is made to establish a “map” of the
Ethics in Nanotechnology: Starting From Scratch?
Research in nanotechnology has advanced rapidly in recent years. Several researchers, however, warn that there is a paucity of research on the ethical, legal, and social implications of
The Risk Debate on Nanoparticles: Contribution to a Normalisation of the Science/Society Relationship?
Since the very beginning of ethical reflection on science and technology, there has been ongoing discussion about adequately timing ethical inquiry in relation to scientific and technological
Nanotechnology — A new field of ethical inquiry?
  • A. Grunwald
  • Sociology, Medicine
    Science and engineering ethics
  • 2005
TLDR
It turns out that there are hardly any completely new ethical aspects raised by nanotechnology and it is much rather a case of gradual shifts of emphasis and of relevance in questions which are already known and which give reason for ethical discussions on nanotechnology.
The Convergence of Nanotechnology, Policy, and Ethics
  • Erik Fisher
  • Sociology, Computer Science
    Adv. Comput.
  • 2007
TLDR
This chapter reviews the role ethical and societal issues associated with nanotechnology have played in the development of national, and particularly US nanotechnology policies and identifies a list of fundamental tasks that would be necessary to address for the sake of developing the capacity of social and technical researchers to effectively engage in socio-technical integration.
Two Dimensions of the Ethical Problems Related to Nanotechnology
The current literature on nanoethics focuses on a wide array of topics such as equity, privacy, military, environment, human enhancement, intellectual property, and security. The identification of
1 Ethics and the Development of Nanotechnology
1 I have little to contribute directly to ethical reflection that specifically deals with risks that might be occasioned by innovations of nanotechnology (Schummer, 2007; Shelley, 2006), and with how
Nanotechnology: is there a need for ethical principles?
TLDR
The need for nurses to be proactively involved in interdisciplinary discussions likely to extend the current ethical reflections of autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence and justice to NT is asserted.
Global Ethics and Nanotechnology: A Comparison of the Nanoethics Environments of the EU and China
The following article offers a brief overview of current nanotechnology policy, regulation and ethics in Europe and The People’s Republic of China with the intent of noting (dis)similarities in
But is it Unique to Nanotechnology?
  • Marion Godman
  • Sociology, Medicine
    Science and engineering ethics
  • 2008
TLDR
The nature of this sub-discipline is discussed, some issues that should be subsumed under nanoethics are proposed and a distinction is made between those issue that may ensue once nanotechnology applications become available and procedural issues thatShould be integrated into the decision structure of the development.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 39 REFERENCES
Harnessing Genomics and Biotechnology to Improve Global Health Equity
TLDR
A five-point strategy to improve global health equity by preventing a health genomics divide from developing is proposed, including research, capacity strengthening, consensus building, public engagement, and an investment fund.
Top ten biotechnologies for improving health in developing countries
TLDR
An international group of eminent scientists with expertise in global health issues was asked to identify the top ten biotechnologies for improving health in developing countries, and the results offer concrete guidance to those in a position to influence the direction of research and development.
Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology is the set of technologies that enables the manipulation, study or exploitation of very small (typically less than 100 nanometres) structures and systems. To put this into perspective,
Constructing nanomechanical devices powered by biomolecular motors
A confluence in scientific advancements associated with molecular biology and nanofabrication technology now offers the potential of engineering functional hybrid organic/inorganic nanomechanical
Array-Based Electrical Detection of DNA with Nanoparticle Probes
TLDR
Using this method, target DNA is detected at concentrations as low as 500 femtomolar with a point mutation selectivity factor of ∼ 100,000:1 and an unusual salt concentration–dependent hybridization behavior associated with these nanoparticle probes was exploited to achieve selectivity without a thermal-stringency wash.
Nanotechnology: Electronics and the single atom
The invention of semiconductor transistors in the 1940s revolutionized electronic circuitry. In the new world of 'nanoelectronics', a transistor whose active component is a single atom has now been
Advectus Life Sciences products briefing
  • Advectus Life Sciences products briefing
  • 2002
ETC Group Publications and News ETC Group offers five seminars at the Johannesburg Summit (http://www.rafi.org/article.asp?newsid=358, last accessed Sept
  • ETC Group Publications and News ETC Group offers five seminars at the Johannesburg Summit (http://www.rafi.org/article.asp?newsid=358, last accessed Sept
  • 2002
Endless Frontiers: Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative Pre-publication copy
  • Endless Frontiers: Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative Pre-publication copy
  • 2002
Foresight Institute (http://www.foresight.org, last accessed Sept
  • Foresight Institute (http://www.foresight.org, last accessed Sept
  • 2002
...
1
2
3
4
...