e17011 Background: P inhibits multiple enzymes in folate metabolism. We examined polymorphisms in thymidylate synthase (TS) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) in patients with SCCHN treated in a phase II clinical trial with P and B (ASCO 2008; A6069). METHODS All pts were treated with P 500 mg/m2 and B 15 mg/kg, given IV every 21 days until progression. Primary endpoint was time to progression (TTP). DNA was isolated from whole blood samples using commercially available kits. Polymorphisms examined were MTHFR (C677T, A1298C and G1793A) and TS (TS2R3R, TSG2RG and TSmut6). The MTHFR SNPs were detected using TaqMan based SNP genotyping kits from Applied Biosystems, run on the ABI Prism 7700 Sequence Detection systems v 1.7 (Foster City, CA). The TS promoter repeat and promoter SNP polymorphisms and the 3' untranslated region 6 bp deletion polymorphism were determined using published methods to detect PCR product size and RFLP-PCR assays respectively. RESULTS 22 pts were genotyped from 34 enrolled. There was no significant difference in characteristics between pts with and without genotype data. For the MTHFR polymorphism C677T, there was a trend towards decreased disease control rate (DCR) (CR/PR/SD) (p = 0.058, Jonckheere-Terpstra trend test) and worse TTP (p = 0.04) transitioning from variant CC to CT to TT; comparing TT genotype versus CT and CC combined, pts with TT had inferior DCR (p = 0.03) and TTP (p = 0.0003); homozygotes with TT had a median TTP of 2.6 months (mo) 95% CI (1.4, NA) versus 5.6 mo (4.2, 11.4) for pts with CT or CC variants. For the MTHFR A1298C SNP, there was no significant difference in DCR between variants, median TTP for homozygotes pts with AA was 4.1 mo (2.6, NA) vs. 6.7 mo (5.1, NA) in pts with AC or CC variants (p = 0.084); median overall survival for AA was 10.2 mo (7.6, NA) and for AC or CC 17.6 mo (17, NA) (p = 0.045). The MTHFR G1793A and TS polymorphisms did not impact DCR, TTP or overall survival. There was no association between any polymorphism and the incidence of grade >2 toxicities. CONCLUSIONS Polymorphisms in MTHFR are potentially associated with antitumor efficacy of P-based therapy in recurrent or metastatic SCCHN. These results warrant validation in larger studies with P in SCCHN. No significant financial relationships to disclose.