TRANSPARENT TESTA 19 is involved in the accumulation of both anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins in Arabidopsis.

@article{Kitamura2004TRANSPARENTT1,
  title={TRANSPARENT TESTA 19 is involved in the accumulation of both anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins in Arabidopsis.},
  author={Satoshi Kitamura and Naoya Shikazono and Atsushi Tanaka},
  journal={The Plant journal : for cell and molecular biology},
  year={2004},
  volume={37 1},
  pages={104-14}
}
Flavonoid compounds such as anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins (PAs; so-called condensed tannins) have a multitude of functions in plants. They must be transported from the site of synthesis in the cytosol to their final destination, the vacuoles. Three models have been proposed for sequestering anthocyanins in vacuoles, but the transport machinery for PAs is poorly understood. Novel Arabidopsis mutants, transparent testa 19 (tt19), which were induced by ion beam irradiation, showed a great… CONTINUE READING
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