TRAF6, a molecular bridge spanning adaptive immunity, innate immunity and osteoimmunology

@article{Wu2003TRAF6AM,
  title={TRAF6, a molecular bridge spanning adaptive immunity, innate immunity and osteoimmunology},
  author={Hao Wu and Joseph R. Arron},
  journal={BioEssays},
  year={2003},
  volume={25}
}
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor associated factor 6 (TRAF6) is a crucial signaling molecule regulating a diverse array of physiological processes, including adaptive immunity, innate immunity, bone metabolism and the development of several tissues including lymph nodes, mammary glands, skin and the central nervous system. It is a member of a group of six closely related TRAF proteins, which serve as adapter molecules, coupling the TNF receptor (TNFR) superfamily to intracellular signaling… 
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The role of TRAf6 in certain immune cells, as well as the function and potential effect of TRAF6 in autoimmune diseases and cancer, are reviewed and indicates that TRAF 6 may be a novel target for autoimmune Diseases and cancer.
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Increasing evidence indicates that TRAF molecules are versatile and indispensable regulators of inflammation and inflammatory responses and that aberrant expression or function of TRAFs contributes to the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases.
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TLDR
Evidence from various research laboratories indicates TRAFs, but more importantly TRAF6, is the key to understanding how RANKL links cytoplasmic signaling to the nuclear transcriptional program.
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This study demonstrates that Bid promotes E3 ubiquitin ligase-mediated signaling downstream of TLR3 and TLR4 and provides further evidence for the potential of Bid inhibition as a therapeutic for the attenuation of the robust pro-inflammatory response culminating in TLR activation.
TRAF6 deficiency promotes TNF-induced cell death through inactivation of GSK3β
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A role for TRAF6 is suggested in the maintenance of cell survival by regulating GSK3β activity in TNF signaling by regulating TNF-induced p65/RelA phosphorylation and inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase 3β.
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Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) is upregulated in various tumors, which has been related to tumorigenesis and development.
TRAF6 regulates proliferation and differentiation of skeletal myoblasts.
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