author={Nancy J. Turner and Marianne Boelscher Ignace and Ronald Ignace},
  journal={Ecological Applications},
This paper discusses the characteristics and application of Traditional Eco- logical Knowledge and Wisdom (TEKW) of aboriginal peoples in British Columbia, Canada. Examples are provided from various groups, most notably, the Secwepemc (Shuswap) Interior Salish and Kwakwaka'wakw and Nuu-Chah-Nulth peoples of the Northwest Coast, covering a range of features comprising TEKW: knowledge of ecological principles, such as succession and interrelatedness of all components of the environment; use of… 

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