author={Kleanthes K. Grohmann},
Prosodically reduced pronouns come in two forms, "weak" and "clitic," both differing from non-reduced "strong" pronouns. Both of these also occur in Westgermanic dialects and exhibit different properties which cannot always be unambiguously disentangled. The theoretical framework presented here allows us a straightforward disambiguation: reduced pronominal elements in the left periphery must be clitics, while those below cannot. The functional head F 0 , encoding "point-of-view," serves as the… 

Subject doubling in Dutch dialects

This paper deals with pronominal subject doubling in three dialects of Dutch. We make a distinction between two types of doubling: clitic doubling and topic doubling. The former only occurs in

The Syntax of Dagbani personal pronouns: an analysis

Cross-linguistically, personal pronouns are noted as being deficient in relation to some morphosyntactic and phonological properties. Some striking asymmetries have been identified between strong and

The syntax and meaning of subject doubling in Övdalian

This chapter contains a presentation and an analysis of Ovdalian subject doubling, and the hypothesis that the subject doubler is not a pronoun, but rather a realisation of φ-agreement in a functional polarity head (Σ), is launched.

Indexical pronouns: Generic uses as clues to their structure

Abstract This paper explores the idea that first and second person indexical pronouns have one common identical source based on an index. This approach derives the distinction between hearer and


There is a growing tendency within minimalist syntax for syntactically troublesome data to be accounted for post-syntactically. Many phenomena that cannot be accounted for comfortably by syntactic

Expletives and speaker-related meaning

In our paper, we investigate a set of pronominal forms that have lost their referential meaning and might at first sight be analyzed as expletives. First, we discuss the case of Finnish, which,

Clitics in Word Grammar

The paper shows that clitics are syntactic words which also serve as word-parts, so their presence is explained in terms of syntactic dependencies, but their position follows morphological rules.

How to get an object-es into the German prefield

This observation had far reaching consequences for the structure linguists proposed for German. It was one of the main points which led Travis (1984, 1992) (and similarly, e.g., Zwart 1997) to argue

Syntax and discourse in Old English and Middle English word order

In this article, we present an analysis of Old and Middle English word order in which discourse strategies are incorporated into a restrictive syntactic analysis. Building on recent work on clause

Prolific Domains and the Left periphery*

The left periphery has enjoyed extensive study over the past years, especially drawn against the framework of Rizzi (1997). It is argued that in this part of the clause, relations are licensed that



Weak Pronouns as LF Clitics: Clustering and Adjacency Effects in the Pronominal Systems of German and Hebrew

This paper is a comparative study of weak pronouns in German and Hebrew. Weak pronouns share properties of both Romance-like clitics (adjacency, clustering effects) and full pronouns (non-reduced,

Clitics in Dutch: evidence for the position of INFL

As has been observed many times, complex linguistic forms can be divided into a lexical and a functional part. Roughly, the lexical part tells what the word means, and the functional part tells what

The Fine Structure of the Left Periphery

Under current assumptions, the structural representation of a clause consists of three kinds of structural layers, each layer an instantiation of the X-bar schema: 1. The lexical layer, headed

Comparative Studies in Word Order Variation: Adverbs, pronouns, and clause structure in Romance and Germanic

The present book is a typological study in crucial portions of the grammars of French/Romance and German/Germanic. It starts by asking: What do adverbs, pronouns and full noun phrases have in common?

Semantic Interpretation in Generative Grammar

This book investigates a wide variety of semantic rules, stating them in considerable detail and extensively treating their consequences for the syntactic component of the grammar, and proposes radically new approaches to the so-called Crossover Principle, the control problem for complement subjects, parentheticals, and the interpretation of nonspecific noun phrases.

Elements of Grammar: Handbook In Generative Syntax

This chapter discusses Clause Structure, Subjecthood and the Subject Position, and the Fine Structure of the Left Periphery in Morphosyntax.

Bare Phrase Structure

This paper is an extension of earlier ones (Chomsky 1991, 1993) that were concerned with two related questions: (1) What conditions on the human language faculty are imposed by considerations of

A Minimalist Approach to the Syntax of Dutch

The Syntax of Dutch is studied as an SVO Language and the Position of the Functional Heads in Dutch and the Verb Movement Asymmetry in Dutch is examined.

Reconstruction, Binding Theory, and the Interpretation of Chains

  • D. Fox
  • Biology
    Linguistic Inquiry
  • 1999
Interactions between the scope of QPs and the restrictions imposed by binding theory are investigated and Condition C applies at (and only at) LF and it is demonstrated that this condition can serve as a powerful tool for distinguishing among various claims regarding the nature of LF and the inventory of semantic mechanisms.

Prolific Peripheries: A Radical View from the Left

The main thesis of this discussion is that German seems to behave syntactically like Bulgarian, in that it obligatorily moves all Wh-phrases into the ω-domain, while at the same time it also resembles Italian in not actually being able to ask a well-formed multiple constituent question to begin with.