Identification and functional characterization of tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella).
- Shengnan Zhang, Rui Zhang, +4 authors Hong Zhou
- Fish & shellfish immunology
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) mediates its biological effects by binding to two distinct but homologous receptor molecules. The type 1 receptor (TNF-R1) has been shown to be essential and sufficient for most cellular responses to soluble TNF. In contrast, only limited data exist concerning the role of the type 2 receptor (TNF-R2) in TNF responses, both in vitro and in vivo. Here, we demonstrate by the use of thymocytes from TNF-R-deficient mice that the TNF-R2-dependent enhancement of proliferation and secretion of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor is in fact mediated by TNF-R2 on its own, independent of co-expression and/or stimulation of TNF-R1.