TLR activation regulates damage-associated molecular pattern isoforms released during pyroptosis.

Infection of macrophages by bacterial pathogens can trigger Toll-like receptor (TLR) activation as well as Nod-like receptors (NLRs) leading to inflammasome formation and cell death dependent on caspase-1 (pyroptosis). Complicating the study of inflammasome activation is priming. Here, we develop a priming-free NLRC4 inflammasome activation system to… CONTINUE READING