TLR-TRIF pathway enhances the expression of KSHV replication and transcription activator.

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is a human γ-herpesvirus. KSHV replication and transcription activator (RTA) is necessary and sufficient for KSHV reactivation from latency. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns, act through adaptors, and initiate innate and adaptive immune responses against pathogens… (More)