THE UNBEARABLE AUTOMATICITY OF BEING

@article{Bargh1999THEUA,
  title={THE UNBEARABLE AUTOMATICITY OF BEING},
  author={John A. Bargh and Tanya L. Chartrand},
  journal={American Psychologist},
  year={1999},
  volume={54},
  pages={462-479}
}
What was noted by E. J. hanger (1978) remains true today: that much of contemporary psychological research is based on the assumption that people are consciously and systematically processing incoming information in order to construe and interpret their world and to plan and engage in courses of action. As did E. J. hanger, the authors question this assumption. First, they review evidence that the ability to exercise such conscious, intentional control is actually quite limited, so that most of… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Automaticity, Consciousness and Moral Responsibility

Cognitive scientists have long noted that automated behavior is the rule, while conscious acts of self-regulation are the exception to the rule. On the face of it, automated actions appear to be

Knowing When To Ask Introspection and the Adaptive Unconscious

The introspective method has come under attack throughout the his- tory of psychology, yet it is widely used today in virtually all areas of the field, often to good effect. At the same time indirect

Mental Action and the Threat of Automaticity

1 Mental Action and the Threat of Automaticity Wayne Wu [I]nput mechanisms approximate the condition often ascribed to reflexes: they are automatically triggered by the stimuli that they apply

Automatic assumptions of automaticity.

  • C. Tate
  • Psychology
    The American psychologist
  • 2000
Whether automa-ticity is viewed as unconscious involunta-rism or unconscious voluntarism depends on the theoretical spectacles one is wearing when interpreting the data, so psychologists ought to be aware of the different theoretical possibilities.

MENTAL CAUSATION AFTER LIBET AND SOON : RECLAIMING CONSCIOUS AGENCY

Persons have conscious intentions and they perform intentional actions, that is, they do things that they mean to do. In addition, many believe that at least some conscious decisions are not fully

On the Emergence of Human Goal Pursuit: The Nonconscious Regulation and Motivation of Goals

Experimental research in social psychology has discovered that human goal pursuit can emerge in the absence of conscious awareness. Whereas these goal-priming effects are commonly explained in terms

Beyond behaviorism: on the automaticity of higher mental processes.

The authors consider the common philosophical commitment to determinism by both schools of thought, and how the radical behaviorists' thesis of the determined nature of higher mental processes is being pursued today in social cognition research on automaticity.

Beyond Behaviorism : On the Automaticity of Higher Mental Processes

The first 100 years of experimental psychology were dominated by 2 major schools of thought: behaviorism and cognitive science. Here the authors consider the common philosophical commitment to

Automatically minded

It is argued that there are a whole range of properties highlighted by the existing psychological literature that make automaticity a much more complex phenomenon than is usually appreciated.

The Responsible Self in the Face of Situationist and Automaticity Challenges

Contemporary situationist and automaticity research poses a great challenge to our traditional conception of moral responsibility and requires a picture of agency that accounts for these compelling
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 164 REFERENCES

Nonconscious Behavioral Confirmation Processes: The Self-Fulfilling Consequences of Automatic Stereotype Activation

It is now well-established that stereotypes can become activated unintentionally and outside of awareness by the presence of the relevant group features. There is also a long tradition of theory and

How mental systems believe.

Is there a difference between believing and merely understanding an idea?Descartes thought so. He considered the acceptance and rejection of an idea to be alternative outcomes of an effortful

The Automatic Evaluation Effect: Unconditional Automatic Attitude Activation with a Pronunciation Task

Previous demonstrations of automatic attitude activation have used the same critical test of the presence of automaticity (Bargh, Chaiken, Govender, & Pratto, 1992; Chaiken & Bargh, 1993; Fazio,

Development of automatism of social judgments.

Abstract : The distinction between automatic and nonautomatic processing has been prominent recently in social cognition, but little research to date has examined the development of automatism of

Descartes' error: emotion, reason, and the human brain. avon books

Descartes' Error offers the scientific basis for ending the division between mind and body. Antonio Damasio contends that rational decisions are not the product of logic alone - they require the

The automaticity of everyday life.

Contents: Preface. J.A. Bargh, The Automaticity of Everyday Life. M.R. Banaji, I.V. Blair, J. Glaser, Environments and Unconscious Processes. R.F. Baumeister, K.L. Sommer, Consciousness, Free Choice,

A common-coding approach to perception and action

This chapter is concerned with some of the issues involved in understanding how perception contributes to the control of actions, as well as the environmental consequences that go along with these bodily events.

On the automatic activation of attitudes.

The results indicated that attitudes can be automatically activated and that the strength of the object-evaluation association determines the likelihood of such automatic activation.

The generality of the automatic attitude activation effect.

The results of 3 experiments indicated that the automatic activation effect is a pervasive and relatively unconditional phenomenon that appears that most evaluations stored in memory become active automatically on the mere presence or mention of the object in the environment.
...