THE SOCIAL ORGANISM: CONGRESSES, PARTIES, AND COMMITTEES

@article{Strassmann2010THESO,
  title={THE SOCIAL ORGANISM: CONGRESSES, PARTIES, AND COMMITTEES},
  author={Joan E. Strassmann and David C. Queller},
  journal={Evolution},
  year={2010},
  volume={64}
}
We propose that what makes an organism is nearly complete cooperation, with strong control of intraorganism conflicts, and no affiliations above the level of the organism as unified as those at the organism level. Organisms can be made up of like units, which we call fraternal organisms, or different units, making them egalitarian organisms. Previous definitions have concentrated on the factors that favor high cooperation and low conflict, or on the adapted outcomes of organismality. Our… 

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