Corpus ID: 10249340

THE SECOND CYBERNETICS Deviation-Amplifying Mutual Causal Processes

  title={THE SECOND CYBERNETICS Deviation-Amplifying Mutual Causal Processes},
  author={Magoroh Maruyama},
Since its inception, cybernetics was more or less identified as a science of self-regulating and equilibrating systems. Thermostats, physiological regulation of body temperature, automatic steering devices, economic and political processes were studied under a general mathematical model of deviation-counteracting feedback networks. By focusing on the deviation-counteracting aspect of the mutual causal relationships however, the cyberneticians paid less attention to the systems in which the… Expand

Figures from this paper

Wallace's unfinished business: The "Other Man" in evolutionary theory
It is suggested here that Wallace's cybernetics-like view of the operation of natural selection—as a governor-like principle tending to keep species unvarying—can be expanded to a more complete evolutionary understanding by exploring in modern context Wallace's idea that “more recondite forces” are driving the process. Expand
Goal moratorium syndrome: A new vicious circle and how to break it
Abstract The mutual amplification of goallessness between government, business, and consumers is producing an economic slowdown that is disproportionally and therefore unnecessarily large compared toExpand
Systemics and cybernetics in a historical perspective
Systemics and cybernetics can be viewed as a metalanguage of concepts and models for transdisciplinarian use, still now evolving and far from being stabilized. This is the result of a slow process ofExpand
Gregory Bateson, Cybernetics, and the Social/behavioral Sciences
Gregory Bateson's interdisciplinary work in Anthropology, Psychiatry, Evolution, and Epistemology was profoundly influenced by the ideas set forth in systems theory, communication theory, informationExpand
System Dynamics Research of Bad and Good Decision Processes and Outcomes
Abstract Business realities include delays, unintended downstream consequences, exponential versus linear relationships, “hidden demons,” and virtuous and viscous feedback cycles. Executives oftenExpand
Morphogenic Society: Self-Government and Self-Organization as Misleading Metaphors
Social theory has always been a borrower. With the increasing rapidity of social and systemic change, the attractions of cybernetics and general systems theory have grown over half a century. ThisExpand
Managerial Problems from Coevolving Causalities : Unraveling Entangled Organizational Dynamics
The traditional, top-down-control dominated hierarchical organization is supposedly becoming a thing of the past. Nevertheless, many CEOs stay with tradition, even though high-velocity environmentsExpand
Self-Reinforcing Processes in Organizations, Networks, and Fields — An Introduction
More often than not, organizations and also inter-organizational networks, markets or fields are characterized by dynamics that seem to run by and large beyond the control of agents. Even moreExpand
Norbert Wiener and the growth of negative feedback in scientific explanation : with a proposed research program of "cybernetic analysis"
Negative feedback has become ubiquitous in science both as a technique and as a conceptual tool. As a technique, negative feedback has a long history; devices based in its use were made in antiquity.Expand
Supra-Human Institutions and the Human Condition
In a ‘thought experiment’ it is postulated that ‘institutions’, languages, cultures, schools of thought, disciplines and so on, are real-world entities of a natural kind spontaneously emergent fromExpand


Originality in relation to personality and intellect.
To consider the statistically significant correlates of originality both when intelligence is partialled out and when it is systematically varied through special selection of 5's, a wide variety of psychological tests in a living-m assessment setting are employed. Expand
Business cycles in the United Kingdom, 1870-1914
textabstractSeries ‘Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Academie van Wetenschappen’(Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences), No. 57/4
Evolution in mendelian populations
Page 108, last line of text, for "P/P″" read "P′/P″." Page 120, last line, for "δ v " read "δ y ." Page 123, line 10, for "4Nn" read "4Nu." Page 125, line 1, for "q" read "q." Page 126, line 12,Expand
  • Econometrica
  • 1960
Rev. Inst. Internal. Stat
  • Rev. Inst. Internal. Stat
  • 1958
— J. Royal Stat. Soc. ser. A
  • — J. Royal Stat. Soc. ser. A
  • 1956