THE QUANTUM HALL EFFECT IN OPEN CONDUCTORS

@inproceedings{Buttiker1990THEQH,
  title={THE QUANTUM HALL EFFECT IN OPEN CONDUCTORS},
  author={Markus Buttiker},
  year={1990}
}
The quantum Hall effect is discussed in terms of global conductances which describe carrier transport from one contact to another. The theory can treat highly non‐uniform samples. Examples are discussed which show a simultaneous quantization of the longitudinal and the Hall resistance as observed in experiments. Contacts which exhibit scattering lead in general to deviations from the quantum Hall effect. In special cases the Hall resistance is quantized at anomalous values.