author={Emizet F. Kisangani and E. Wayne Nafziger},
  journal={Defence and Peace Economics},
  pages={405 - 414}
This paper analyzes factors contributing to terrorism, using its initial meaning from the French Revolution in which the state is the terrorist. The independent economic variables are mineral exports/GDP, military expenditures/GDP, real GDP growth, real per capita GDP, and population density, and the dependent variable is democide, the murder of people by government. Analysis of the data indicates that mineral exports and poor economic performance (both level and growth of income) increase the… 
The Economics of Nigeria ’ s Chronic Deadly Political Violence ”
Nigeria has had an elected federal government only 17 of its 46 years since independence in 1960; experiencing a civil war, 1967-70 (Nafziger 1983); persistent military repression; and a series of
We draw on existing surveys on the economics of terrorism, classifying the contributions to the field by theme, main approach and methodology. Research articles are divided into the themes:
Transition to violence: an evaluation of political parties and their move to terror
The goals of this dissertation are two-fold. First is to investigate and explain the key variables responsible for the process whereby political parties form alliances with or create terrorist
How can business cope with terrorism
The Impacts of Political Terrorism on Gross Domestic Product in Eurasia: A Spatial Data Analysis
The aim of this paper is to investigate impact of political terrorism on GDP for Eurasia region countries by using spatial statistics in the period of 1996-2013. For this purpose, quantile maps,
Assessment of Policy and Institutional Approaches to International Terrorism in Uganda
Introduction Uganda is one of the countries that have suffered the consequences of international terrorism and remains among those targeted for more terrorist attacks. Different approaches have been
Taking on the Persona of a Suicide Bomber : a Thought Experiment 51
It is argued that the relationship between illicit drugs and the insurgency in Afghanistan cannot be captured by the simplistic concept of “narco-terrorism”. Rather, it has to be seen in terms of
The natural resource curse and the spread of HIV/AIDS, 1990-2008.
Bibliography: Literature on Terrorism in History
Aizcorbe, R. (1975) Argentina, the Peronist myth: an essay on the cultural decay in Argentina after the Second World War Hicksville, N.Y.: Exposition Press Alexander, Y. & O'Day, A. (ed.) (1986)
Terrorist Framework and Inclination: The Behavourial Pattern of Boko Haram in Nigeria
Boko Haram has become a household name in Nigeria, Africa and globally. In Nigeria, people refer “Boko Haram” to persons who threaten others or cause others to panic. In public and private spheres,


The Sources of Humanitarian Emergencies
This study identifies the sources of humanitarian emergencies characterized by warfare, displacement, hunger, and disease. The authors emphasize that economic variables often become salient through
The economic functions of violence in civil wars (special issue)
  • D. Keen
  • Political Science, Economics
  • 1998
The persistence and brutality of contemporary civil wars have left many analysts puzzled. Traditional interpretations describe civil wars as simple confrontations between two sides, as explosions of
On economic causes of civil war
The authors investigate whether civil wars have economic causes. The model is based on utility theory, rebels will conduct a civil war if the perceived benefits outweigh the costs of rebellion. Using
Who Pays for Defense
Theories of the economic causes of war are at least as old as capitalism, and have in recent years appeared in myriad forms. Around the turn of the last century J. A. Hobson and Lenin developed their
Death by Government
This is R. J. Rummel's fourth book in a series devoted to genocide and government mass murder, or what he calls democide. He presents the primary results, in tables and figures, as well as a
Democide and genocide as rent-seeking activities
Murder of the population by the state has been common historically and in modern times. I estimate a demand function for state-sponsored murder and find that it obeys the law of demand. The main
Defense Spending and Economic Growth in Subsaharan Africa: An Econometric Investigation
A four equation - growth rate, defense burden, skilled labor rate, and investment rate - simultaneous model is used to investigate whether increased defense burden increases or decreases economic
Development, democracy, and mass killings
Using a newly assembled dataset spanning from 1820 to 1998, we study the relationship between the occurrence and magnitude of episodes of mass killing and the levels of development and democracy
The Rwanda crisis, 1959-1994 : history of a genocide
Rwandese society and the colonial impact - the making of a cultural mythology, 1894-1959 the Hutu Republic, 1959-1990 civil war and foreign intervention, October 1990-July 1991 slouching towards
The Economic Causes of War
W ar is a primitive human institution. From time immemorial men were eager to fight, to kill, and to rob one another. However, the acknowledgment of this fact does not lead to the conclusion that war