THE PHYSIOLOGICAL AND IMMUNOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF VACCINATION ON FISH HEALTH, WELFARE, AND PERFORMANCE

@inproceedings{Skinner2009THEPA,
  title={THE PHYSIOLOGICAL AND IMMUNOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF VACCINATION ON FISH HEALTH, WELFARE, AND PERFORMANCE},
  author={L. A. Skinner},
  year={2009}
}
To prevent the outbreak of pathogenic diseases, the salmonid aquaculture industry relies on the use of vaccines. While traditional, polyvalent, oil-adjuvanted vaccines (AV) are effective, they do not work against all types of pathogens and the vaccination process and vaccine composition can be stressful for individual fish. Continuing advances in technology have led to the development of a new type of pathogen-specific vaccine; a DNA vaccine (DV). While there are many benefits to DVs, including… CONTINUE READING

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