author={John Braithwaite},
  journal={British Journal of Criminology},
The forms of government and social relations that increasingly characterize contemporary society are giving rise to new ways of thinking about crime and crime control. In particular it is argued that although the discipline of criminology is currently well established in institutional terms, the intellectual tools of the discipline are of diminishing relevance to the social world that is now emerging. The article describes the major developmental trends in government policy as involving a shift… 
The Expanding Boundaries of Crime Control: Governing Security through Regulation
The governance of crime and security has undergone major transformations in recent decades. Several important shifts in the rationale and logic of crime control have led to a growth in regulatory
‘Regulating the Poor’: Observations on the ‘Structural Coupling’ of Welfare, Criminal Justice and the Voluntary Sector in a ‘Big Society’
The article argues that the criminalizing tendency in contemporary social policy gets to the heart of how contemporary welfare systems work today. Analyses which point to criminalizing social policy
Give and Take: The Bifurcation of Police Reform in Britain
Abstract Police reform is high on the agenda of many societies, both developed and developing. In the early years of the 21st century, police reform in Britain became a central feature of the Labour
Policing and Regulation: Whatisthe Difference?
The literatures regarding policing and regulation are largely separate, reflecting the common assumption that there is some essential distinction between the activities. The relevance of the decline
Regulation: Managing the Antinomies of Economic Vice and Virtue
In the quarter-century that SLS has been published, regulation has emerged as a new, and for many exciting, inter-disciplinary field. The concept itself requires a wider view of normativity than the
The Historical Antecedents of Contemporary Crime Control
The extent and import of changes in contemporary crime control are hotly contested. By setting these changes in historical perspective, this article challenges claims that we are entering a new era
The (post-) Regulatory State 4. Theories of the Post-regulatory State
This paper forms part of a larger project examining governance 'beyond the regulatory state'. Three core assumptions of the regulatory state movement are scrutinized using theoretical and empirical
The Politics of ‘Transnational Organized Crime’: Discourse, Reflexivity and the Narration of ‘Threat’
Over the past decade the perceived ‘threat’ of transnational organised crime (TOC) to the security of western political economies has become a principal issue on the agendas of key international
Defending the Criminal Law: Reflections on the Changing Character of Crime, Procedure, and Sanctions
Recent years have seen mounting challenge to the model of the criminal trial on the grounds it is not cost-effective, not preventive, not necessary, not appropriate, or not effective. These
Regulation: Enforcement and Compliance
There has been a significant increase in regulation of civil society in the late twentieth century by governments to ensure that their policy objectives are being achieved. As a result a wide range


`Governmentality' and the Problem of Crime:
The article traces the main themes of the `governmentality' literature, as developed by Michel Foucault and subsequent writers, and outlines a series of related ideas about `the social' as a realm of
The Future of Policing
This essay examines the restructuring of policing currently taking place in developed democratic societies. It argues that restructuring is occurring under private as well as government auspices and
The Regulatory State
Recently, there has been a discernible shift towards a regulatory mode of governance. This innovation has inspired commentators to talk of the emergence of ‘the regulatory state’, a distinctive style
Anarchy, State, and Utopia
Robert Nozicka s Anarchy, State, and Utopia is a powerful, philosophical challenge to the most widely held political and social positions of our age ---- liberal, socialist and conservative.
The rise of the regulatory state in Europe
Privatization and deregulation have created the conditions for the rise of the regulatory state to replace the dirigiste state of the past. Reliance on regulation ‐ rather than public ownership,
Gotham Unbound: How New York City Was Liberated From the Grip of Organized Crime
Cosa Nostra. Organized crime. The Mob. Call it what you like, no other crime group has infiltrated labor unions and manipulated legitimate industries like Italian organized crime families. One cannot
Modern Private Security: Its Growth and Implications
On the North American continent, in Europe and elsewhere, the dramatic growth in private security in the past several decades has reshaped the structure and function of modern policing. The
Review of: David Nelken, The futures of criminology [Review of: D. Nelken (1996) Journal of Law and Society]
Introduction - David Nelken Reflexive Criminology? - David Nelken Is Criminology Worth Saving? - Massimo Pavarini Social Control and the Politics of Reconstruction - Stanley Cohen The Fragmentation
Risk, power and crime prevention
This paper addresses the development of post-disciplinary ‘actuarial’ or risk-based technologies of power. Arguing against models which focus on icreased efficiency as an evolutionary criterion for