THE NATURE OF NORMAL BLINKING PATTERNS

@article{Carney1982THENO,
  title={THE NATURE OF NORMAL BLINKING PATTERNS},
  author={Leo G. Carney and Richard Michael Hill},
  journal={Acta Ophthalmologica},
  year={1982},
  volume={60}
}
The blinking patterns of 20 normal subjects were examined under controlled experimental conditions. While the mean blink rate was 12.55 blinks/min, there were marked variations between individuals. As well, each subject displayed a characteristic pattern of blinking, mixing inter‐blink periods of shorter and longer durations in a regular fashion. 
[Blinking activity during visual display terminal work. 2: reduced blinking and therapeutic approaches].
New findings based on a noninvasive, automated long-term measurement method revealed interindividual differences in lid movement behavior, existence of blinking patterns, and the dominance of
Blinking and corneal sensitivity
TLDR
It is speculated that one of the factors responsible for normal involuntary blinks is the imminent break‐up of the tear film which is sensed by the cornea.
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The Hawthorne Effect in Eye-blinking: Awareness that One’s Blinks are Being Counted Alters Blink Behavior
TLDR
It is concluded that informing a subject that his eye blinks are being counted exerts a modest but significant acute influence on blinking activity, but critically does not appear to confound blink rate over prolonged tasks.
[Blinking activity during visual display terminal work. Part 1: Ocular discomfort and pathophysiological principles].
TLDR
In numerous studies the drastic decrease in blinking frequency was shown to be an essential cause of dry eye symptoms, and lid movements not only have the purpose of smoothing the precorneal tear film ("windshield effect"), but also affect the composition and stability of the different layers.
Marked reduction and distinct patterns of eye blinking in patients with moderately dry eyes during video display terminal use
TLDR
Reduction of the SEBR during VDT use is primarily determined by marked visual attention, resulting in an exacerbation of dry eye symptoms in predisposed humans.
Blinking Patterns and Corneal Staining
TLDR
Both groups of subjects show evidence of an association between the mean closed palpebral aperture size (degree of incomplete blinking) and the grade of corneal fluorescein staining, but the association is stronger in soft contact lens wearers.
The effects of increasing ocular surface stimulation on blinking and sensation.
TLDR
There was a dose-response-like relationship between increased surface stimulation and blinking in healthy subjects, presumably for protection of the ocular surface, which may provide an additional end point for studies on dry eye or other conditions.
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