title={THE LAST STAND?},
  author={Desmond King and Rogers M. Smith},
  journal={Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race},
  pages={25 - 44}
Abstract In 2013, the United States Supreme Court decided Shelby County v. Holder, which invalidated Section 4(b) of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. The ruling is part of longstanding efforts to maintain American institutions that have provided wide-ranging benefits to White citizens, including disproportionate political power. Over time, such efforts are likely to fail to prevent significant increases in political gains for African Americans, Latinos, and other minority citizens. But they… 

‘Race was a motivating factor’: re-segregated schools in the American states

ABSTRACT During the Obama presidency, Republicans made major gains in state legislative elections, especially in the South and the Midwest. Republicans’ control grew from 13 legislatures in 2009 to

The Reinvention of Vouchers for a Color-Blind Era: A Racial Orders Account

Historically, vouchers, which provide a sum of money to parents for private education, were tools of racist oppression; but in recent decades some advocates claim them as “the civil rights issue of

The 1982 Voting Rights Act Extension as a “Critical Juncture”: Ronald Reagan, Bob Dole, and Republican Party-Building

  • Richard Johnson
  • Political Science, History
    Studies in American Political Development
  • 2021
Abstract Republican support for the 1982 Voting Rights Act (VRA) extension is a puzzle for scholars of racial policy coalitions. The extension contained provisions that were manifestly antithetical



The Political Legacy of American Slavery

We show that contemporary differences in political attitudes across counties in the American South in part trace their origins to slavery’s prevalence more than 150 years ago. Whites who currently

The Future of Voting Rights Policy: From Anti-Discrimination to the Right to Vote

Congress is now considering whether to renew the Voting Rights Act. This essay suggests that Congress will seek to avoid any of the difficult issues inevitably presented concerning how federal law

The civil rights revolution

The Civil Rights Revolution "carries Bruce Ackerman's sweeping reinterpretation of constitutional history into the era beginning with Brown v. Board of Education." From Rosa Parks's courageous


Before GARZA, STEWART, and HAYNES, Circuit Judges. EMILIO M. GARZA, Circuit Judge: Qore, Inc. appeals from the district court’s award of attorney’s fees to WalMart Stores, Inc. The court’s $810,000


  • Baodong Liu
  • Sociology
    Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race
  • 2014
Abstract This paper examines the claim that the historical election of Barack Obama demonstrated a new era of postracial politics in America (Ceaser et al., 2009). Drawing on arguments in the recent

Change or More of The Same? Evaluating Racial Attitudes in the Obama Era

A number of political commentators and social scientists have speculated about the implications of the election of Barack Obama for race relations. Some of the more optimistic have suggested that the

Jim Crow 2.0? Why States Consider and Adopt Restrictive Voter Access Policies

Recent years have seen a dramatic increase in state legislation likely to reduce access for some voters, including photo identification and proof of citizenship requirements, registration

“Without Regard to Race”: Critical Ideational Development in Modern American Politics

Many scholars note that racial policy issues now focus on color-blind versus race-conscious approaches to racial inequalities, but they have not adequately explained how this development occurred or

Can Voter ID Laws Be Administered in a Race-Neutral Manner? Evidence from the City of Boston in 2008

Is it feasible in the current United States to administer voter identification laws in a race-neutral manner? We study this question using rigorous field methods and state-of-the-art statistical

The Two Reconstructions: The Struggle for Black Enfranchisement

Winner of the 2005 J. David Greenstone Book Award from the Politics and History section of the American Political Science Association. Winner of the 2005 Ralph J. Bunche Award of the American