author={William P. Alston},
  journal={Philosophical Perspectives},
  • W. Alston
  • Published 1991
  • Philosophy
  • Philosophical Perspectives
The recent outpouring of literature on the problem of evil has materially advanced the subject in several ways. In particular, a clear distinction has been made between the "logical" argument against the existence of God ("atheological argument") from evil, which attempts to show that evil is logically incompatible with the existence of God, and the "inductive" ("empirical", "probabilistic") argument, which contents itself with the claim that evil constitutes (sufficient) empirical evidence… 

Evil and Evidence

The problem of evil presents the most prominent argument against the existence of God. The basic idea of the problem of evil is simple enough for anyone to understand, but there’s still some

William Rowe's Evidential Argument From Evil and the Skeptical Theists' Responses

William Rowe’s various works on the evidential argument from evil now occupies a central place in the Western discussions on the problem of evil. In one of his formulations, Rowe tries to justify the

The evidence of evil

Does evil constitute any evidence against the existence of God? Stephen Wykstra argues that it does not, claiming that “if we have realized the magnitude of the theistic proposal, cognizance of

The Argument from Evil

The argument from or problem of evil concludes that the existence of evil is, in one way or another, incompatible with the existence of an omnipotent, omnibenevolent, and omniscient being (God). For

The normatively relativised logical argument from evil

It is widely agreed that the ‘Logical’ Argument from Evil (LAFE) is bankrupt. We aim to rehabilitate the LAFE, in the form of what we call the Normatively Relativised Logical Argument from Evil

Theodicy: The Solution to the Problem of Evil, or Part of the Problem?

Theodicy, the enterprise of searching for greater goods that might plausibly justify God’s permission of evil, is often criticized on the grounds that the project has systematically failed to unearth

God and Inscrutable Evil: In Defense of Theism and Atheism

In this important new book, David O'Connor discusses both logical and empirical forms of the problem of inscrutable evil, perennially the most difficult philosophical problem confronting theism.

Skeptical Theism and Morriston’s Humean Argument from Evil

There’s a growing sense among philosophers of religion that (i) Humean arguments from evil are some of the most formidable arguments against theism, and (ii) skeptical theism fails to undermine those

In defence of sceptical theism: a reply to Almeida and Oppy

Some evidential arguments from evil rely on an inference of the following sort: ‘If, after thinking hard, we can't think of any God-justifying reason for permitting some horrific evil then it is

Agatheology and naturalisation of the discourse on evil

ABSTRACT This article argues that the existence of horrendous evil calls into question not just the plausibility of the most popular theodicies on offer, notably sceptical theism, but the coherence



The problem of evil and the attributes of God

In discussions of the probabilistic argument from evil, some defenders of theism have recently argued that evil has no evidential force against theism. They base their argument on the claim that

The Onus of Proof in Arguments About the Problem of Evil

Faced with the problem of evil, theistic philosophers, in their endeavour to show that religious belief is coherent and tenable, usually produce an argument running along the following lines: The

The humean obstacle to evidential arguments from suffering: On avoiding the evils of “appearance”

Many of us - believers as well as nonbelievers, car mechanics as well as philosophers - have at some times in our lives felt instances of suffering in this world to be evidence against theism,

The necessity of gratuitous evil

  • W. Hasker
  • Philosophy
    Providence, Evil and the Openness of God
  • 2021
It is widely accepted that a morally perfect God would prevent all "gratuitous evil,~ evil which is not necessary for some greater good. I argue that this requirement is unsound-that "if God

Evil and the God of love

When first published, Evil and the God of Love instantly became recognized as a modern theological classic, widely viewed as the most important work on the problem of evil to appear in Thus can in a

Must God Create the Best

Many philosophers and theologians have accepted the following proposition: (P) If a perfectly good moral agent created any world at all, it would have to be the very best world that he could create.

The Persistent Problem of Evil

Must God Create the Best?", in The Virtue of Faith and Other Essays in Philosophical Theology (New

  • 1987

A Christian Approach to the Problem of Evil", in Rationality, Religious Belief, and Moral Commitment, ed

  • R. Audi & W. J. Wainwright
  • 1986

Evil and a good God