author={Thomas Spoorenberg},
  journal={Asian Population Studies},
  pages={127 - 151}
Mongolia has never been a member of the USSR, but the collapse of the Soviet Union deeply affected this country. While a growing body of literature documents the consequences of this collapse on fertility and family formation behaviour for the former socialist countries in Central and Eastern Europe, the Baltic countries, Russia and Ukraine, and more recently, countries in Central Asia, Mongolia received only limited attention. This paper aims to fill this gap. As a consequence of the… 
Economic fortunes, ethnic divides, and marriage and fertility in Central Asia: Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan compared
Declining marriage and fertility rates following the collapse of state socialism have been the subject of numerous studies in Central and Eastern Europe. More recent literature has focused on
Fertility Decline During Albania’s Societal Crisis and its Subsequent Consolidation
Cross-sectional comparisons of the decline in fertility in former socialist countries point to a bi-phasic response: a crisis-induced family limitation followed by the postponement of childbearing
Future low fertility prospects in Mongolia? An evaluation of the factors that support having a child
With 2.59 children per woman in 2008, Mongolia appears today as an exception in East Asia where fertility rates are far below the replacement level. Moreover, from its historical nadir of 1.95
Changes in the proximate determinants of fertility decline in post-socialist Mongolia.
The classical proximate determinants of fertility framework proposed by Bongaarts is applied and shows that the importance of induced abortion in the determination of fertility level has reduced and that the use of modern contraception has increased progressively and contributed most in determining fertility level in 2003.
Fertility decline in Albania: interplay with societal crisis and subsequent conso lidation
Cross-sectional comparisons of the decline in ferti lity in former socialist countries point to a bi-phasic response with an initial crisis-induced l imitation at higher parities, followed by the
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ABSTRACT Between 1990 and 2015, several post-communist countries experienced a decline in fertility, followed by a rise in the period fertility rate of roughly one child per woman. Mongolia is a good
Armed Conflict and the Timing of Childbearing in Azerbaijan
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Between 1989 and 1994, the birth rate in Eastern Germany (the former German Democratic Republic) fell from 12.0 to 5.1 per 1,000, while fertility in the West remained stable at around 11.0 per 1,000.
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In this article we analyse the dynamics of marriage and childbearing in Uzbekistan through the prism of the recent socioeconomic and political history of that country. After becoming an independent
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An investigation of the case of Ukraine, where total fertility—1.1 in 2001—is one of the world's lowest, shows that there is more than one pathway to lowest-low fertility.
Did the Economic Crisis Cause the Fertility Decline in Russia: Evidence from the 1994 Microcensus
Between 1989 and 1993, the total fertility rate inRussia dropped from 2.01 to 1.38, a fall ofunprecedented size in peacetime. The more commonexplanation asserts that the fertility decrease is
Russian Federation: From the first to second demographic transition
The demographic transition in Russia was accelerated by several social cataclysms during the "Soviet type" modernization. Frequent changes in the timing of births and marriages engendered a mass
Fertility decline and recent changes in Russia: on the threshold of the second demographic transition.
This paper describes fertility trends in Russia throughout the 1900s. Period and cohort analyses are conducted for 1979-93. Results indicate that female post-war cohorts shifted towards a two-child
Social Upheaval and Fertility Decline
One theme in demographic theory is that, as society changes, human fertility levels remain high because of the continuing influence of outdated “props”to maintain existing levels of fertility. A
Issues in the demography of Mongolian nomadic pastoralism.
  • S. Randall
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Nomadic peoples
  • 1993
It is concluded that the lack of simultaneity between major political and demographic changes suggest that there are no direct responses to policy, despite the strong pronatalist stance, but that health services, particularly in the realms of venereal disease treatment, have had a major influence on Mongolian demographic patterns.