THE IMPACT OF MARINE RESERVES: DO RESERVES WORK AND DOES RESERVE SIZE MATTER?

@article{Halpern2003THEIO,
  title={THE IMPACT OF MARINE RESERVES: DO RESERVES WORK AND DOES RESERVE SIZE MATTER?},
  author={Benjamin S. Halpern},
  journal={Ecological Applications},
  year={2003},
  volume={13},
  pages={117-137}
}
  • B. Halpern
  • Published 1 February 2003
  • Environmental Science
  • Ecological Applications
Marine reserves are quickly gaining popularity as a management option for marine conservation, fisheries, and other human uses of the oceans. Despite the popularity of marine reserves as a management tool, few reserves appear to have been created or designed with an understanding of how reserves affect biological factors or how reserves can be designed to meet biological goals more effectively (e.g., attaining sustainable fish populations). This shortcoming occurs in part because the many… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Marine reserves have rapid and lasting effects

Marine reserves are becoming a popular tool for marine conservation and resource management worldwide. In the past, reserves have been created with little understanding of how they actually affect

Marine reserves: size and age do matter.

Using 58 datasets from 19 European marine reserves, it is shown that reserve size and age do matter: Increasing the size of the no-take zone increases the density of commercial fishes within the reserve compared with outside; whereas thesize of the buffer zone has the opposite effect.

Spillover from marine reserves and the replenishment of fished stocks

SUMMARY No-take marine reserves are widely recognized as an effective conservation tool for protecting marine resources. Despite considerable empirical evidence that abundance and biomass of fished

Introduction to marine managed areas.

  • R. Hilborn
  • Environmental Science, Economics
    Advances in marine biology
  • 2014

Performance of marine reserves for fish and associated ecological functions in the Moreton Bay Marine Park

No-take marine reserves in Moreton Bay were established to conserve and restore the structure and function of marine ecosystems and ensure sustainable social-ecological systems (Ross et al. 2019,

Marine reserves with ecological uncertainty

Policy analysis for tropical marine reserves: challenges and directions

Marine reserves are considered to be a central tool for marine ecosystem-based management in tropical inshore fisheries. The arguments supporting marine reserves are often based on both the nonmarket

Effects of marine reserve age on fish populations: a global meta‐analysis

It is demonstrated that, globally, old reserves are more effective than young reserves at increasing fish densities, and implies that reserves should be maintained for up to 15 years following establishment, even if they initially appear ineffective.

Biomass management targets and the conservation and economic benefits of marine reserves

The establishment of no-take marine reserves has been increasingly promoted as a key measure to achieve conservation and sustainability goals in fisheries. Regardless of the wide range of benefits

Biological Effects Within No-Take Marine Reserves: A global Synthesis

It is suggested that reserve characteristics and context play key roles in determining the direction and magnitude of the reserve response, validating the potential for well designed and enforced reserves to serve as globally important conservation and management tools.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 121 REFERENCES

Marine reserves have rapid and lasting effects

Marine reserves are becoming a popular tool for marine conservation and resource management worldwide. In the past, reserves have been created with little understanding of how they actually affect

Marine reserves in fisheries management

This paper summarizes research on the uses of marine reserves for fisheries management and suggests that larval export from reserves has potential to augment recruitment over large regions, but its success will depend upon many factors that are difficult to predict.

MARINE RESERVES ARE NECESSARY BUT NOT SUFFICIENT FOR MARINE CONSERVATION

Conditions under which reserves are likely to be effective are outlined, some guidelines for increasing their conservation potential are provided, and some research priorities to fill critical information gaps are suggested.

Marine Reserves: Rates and Patterns of Recovery and Decline of Large Predatory Fish

Empirical evidence is presented derived from the visual monitoring of density and biomass of large predatory coral reef fish in two small marine reserves and at two control sites in the Philippines from 1983 to 1993 to show the effects of marine reserve protection and fishing.

Rapid Build-up of Fish Biomass in a Caribbean Marine Reserve

Marine reserves, where fishing is excluded, have been argued to be an effective means of managing complex reef fisheries and of protecting populations of species vulnerable to overfishing. The

Applications of marine refugia to coastal fisheries management

Evidence from existing marine reserves indicates that increased abundance, individual size, reproductive output, and species diversity occurred in a variety of marine species in refuges of various sizes, shapes, and histories in communities ranging from coral reefs to temperate kelp forests.

Natural fishing experiments in marine reserves 1983–1993: community and trophic responses

Resilience of the community to the effects of fishing most likely results from three important community attributes (open nature of the component populations, likely maintenance of upstream recruitment supply and apparent lack of any obvious “keystone” species or families) and one important characteristic of the fishery (relatively non-selective with respect to the components of the Community.

Conserving marine biodiversity on the African coast: Implications of a terrestrial perspective

A middle/edge arrangement of ‘biodiversity reserves’, linked to biogeographical regions is proposed, which would achieve conservation of both representativeness and high diversity areas (edge).

Modelling the effect of marine reserves on the recreational shore-fishery of the South-Western Cape, South Africa

A discrete, space-time, age-structured model of a fishery was developed to test the effect of marine reserves on yield of fish to recreational angling and appeared to be optimal for blacktail.

Modeling the potential of fishery reserves for managing Pacific coral reef fishes

.-The potential use of marine fishery reserves (MFRsI for cific coral reefs was assessed with an extension of the Beverton-Holt model. The effects of year-round fishery closures on harvests in adja
...