author={Benjamin S. Halpern},
  journal={Ecological Applications},
  • B. Halpern
  • Published 1 February 2003
  • Environmental Science
  • Ecological Applications
Marine reserves are quickly gaining popularity as a management option for marine conservation, fisheries, and other human uses of the oceans. Despite the popularity of marine reserves as a management tool, few reserves appear to have been created or designed with an understanding of how reserves affect biological factors or how reserves can be designed to meet biological goals more effectively (e.g., attaining sustainable fish populations). This shortcoming occurs in part because the many… 

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