author={Peter Francis Kornicki},
  journal={International Journal of Asian Studies},
  pages={43 - 70}
  • P. Kornicki
  • Published 1 January 2012
  • History
  • International Journal of Asian Studies
The origins of printing in East Asia have been the subject of lively debate over the last twenty years, and a constant point of reference has been the first recorded act of printing in Japan, which took place in the 760s. The term Hyakumantō Darani 百万塔陀羅尼 (hereafter HD) is commonly used in Japan to refer to this episode, and it denotes the Buddhist dhāraṇī or spells which are thought to have been printed in Nara and then inserted into wooden miniature pagodas, and which have for a century been… 

2 The Gutenberg Fallacy and the History of Printing among the Mongols

In a 1969 Playboy interview Marshall McLuhan proclaimed that the printing press was “directly responsible for the rise of such disparate phenomena as nationalism, the Reformation, the assembly line

A wooden manuscript from late Qing Yunnan(救世鴻文): beyond the print–manuscript distinction

ABSTRACT This paper explores the role of wood, a crucial material in East Asian print and manuscript culture, in East Asian traditions of knowledge in two parts. The first provides an overarching

6 A Forgotten Chapter in South Asian Book History? A Bird’s Eye View of Sanskrit Print Culture

Mañjuśrī, those who will copy this collection of one-hundred and eight names of the Tathāgata, will commission it to be copied, and after having committed it to a book, will keep it at home, will

What Was in the “Precious Casket Seal”?: Material Culture of the Karaṇḍamudrā Dhāraṇī throughout Medieval Maritime Asia

Material evidence from late medieval China attests that Buddhist of the Wuyue kingdom and Liao empire participated in the pan-Buddhist practice of dhāraṇīs and, more specifically, the cult of textual

Sri Lankan Impacts on East Asian Buddhism : Transmission of a Dhāra � ī

In the first half of the fifth century, Sri Lanka began interacting with China. In 428 or 429 as well as in 435, the Sri Lankan king Mahānāma sent an envoy to China. This indicates that state-level

9 The Uses of Early Tibetan Printing: Evidence from the Turfan Oasis

Tibetan Printing: Comparisons, Continuities and Change is the first publication that brings together leading experts from different disciplines to discuss the introduction of printing in Tibetan

Life in the groove: Re-visiting the common sense of sound reproduction

In this paper, we describe our project of “Life in the Groove,” an attempt to re-examine the material and historical basis of sound reproduction. Through this paper, we would like to argue that the

Change of Paradigms and Mechanical (Re)discoveries. Manuscript Cultures and Print Cultures Across Asia

This introduction summarizes the articles included in this section, at the same time presenting some fundamental aspects of the scholarly debate about the so-called ‘print revolution.’ The attempt is

Don’t copy that: Security printing and the making of high-tech paper

  • A. Kaminska
  • Art
    Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies
  • 2019
Printing is not a new media technology, but it is continuously being renewed. In this sense, it is an example of novelty going largely unnoticed, woven into the quotidian and ordinary in unassuming

Beyond Printing: Looking at the Use and East Asian Context of Dhāraṇī Sūtras in Medieval Korea

This paper is based on a presentation given at the International Association for Buddhist Studies conference in Taiwan, 2011.



On the origin of printing in the light of new archaeological discoveries

Abstract30 years have pas. since a printeddhārani sūtra scroll was discovered in 1966 in Kyongju. Korea. However. there have been different views about the date and place of its printing and

The Feng-tao k'o and Printing on Paper in Seventh-Century China

  • T. Barrett
  • History
    Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies
  • 1997
One of the arguments for supposing that the ‘world's earliest printed book’, the Diamond Sūtra in the Stein collection in London, is actually the outcome of a long process of development relies on

A Note on the Hyakumanto Dharani

Ds U RURING THE EIGHTH CENTURY the influence of Buddhism in Japanese court circles increased to a remarkable degree. In 749, the Emperor Shomu attended the dedication service of the daibutsu at Nara

The woman who discovered printing

This beguiling book asks a set of unusual and fascinating questions - why is early Chinese printing so little acknowledged, despite anticipating Gutenberg by centuries? Why are the religious elements

Buddhism in practice

This anthology illustrates the scope of Buddhist practice in Asia, past and present, by presenting a selection of 48 translated texts including hagiographies, monastic rules, pilgrimage songs,

Buddhism in Chinese Society: An Economic History from the Fifth to the Tenth Centuries

This seminal study of the religious and economic history of Buddhism by the premier French sinologue has for decades been considered an unsurpassed classic. Here, for the first time, it is available

Buddhist Printed Images And Texts Of The Eighth-Tenth Centuries: Typologies Of Replication And Representation

This chapter focuses on the early prints with Buddhist content and, using the Dunhuang material as a starting point, surveys the types of early Buddhist prints in order to explore aspects of their

Imperial Politics and Symbolics in Ancient Japan: The Tenmu Dynasty, 650-800

"Imperial Politics and Symbolics" is an ambitious and ground-breaking study that offers a new understanding of a formative stage in the development of the Japanese state. The late seventh and eighth

Performative Loci of the Imperial Edicts in Nara Japan, 749-70

The naiki presented the text to the Minister, the Minister submitted it to the Emperor. This being over, the Minister selected a capable man to read it, who received it and went back to his proper

A propos de « stûpa miniatures » votifs du Ve siècle découverts à Tourfan et au Gansu

The object of the present article is to point out the existence of a group of twelve «miniature» votive stupas, all of them having similar aspects of iconography and carrying the same engraved