author={Otto Neugebauer},
  journal={Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific},
  pages={17 - 17}
  • O. Neugebauer
  • Published 1 January 1945
  • Physics
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
In the following pages an attempt is made to offer a survey of the present state of the history of ancient astronomy by pointing out relationships with various other problems in the history of ancient civilization and particularly by enumerating problems for further research which merit our interest not only because they constitute gaps in our knowledge of ancient astronomy but because they must be clarified in order to lay a solid foundation for the understanding of later periods. 

Criteria Concerning the Birth of a New Science: The Case of Greek Astronomy

The date of the birth of Greek scientific astronomy is a matter of dispute. Most of the students of Greek science focus on the impact which the theory of concentric spheres — introduced by Eudoxus of

On Early Greek Astronomy

  • C. Kahn
  • Physics
    The Journal of Hellenic Studies
  • 1970
In a somewhat polemical article on ‘Solstices, Equinoxes, and the Presocratics’ D. R. Dicks has recently challenged the usual view that the Presocratics in general, and the Milesians in particular,

The History of Science and Ancient Mesopotamia

Abstract This paper views the relevance of cuneiform texts to the history of science from inside, i.e., from the perspective of the available sources, as well as from outside, i.e., from the

Notes on Ethiopic Astronomy

In preparing a short survey of Greek astronomical papyri (1), to my great surprise I found in a Ptolemaic papyrus on weather prognostics, published in 1900 by C. Wessely, a short table for the

Journal of Ancient Egyptian Interconnections

The author argues that the evidence of observation in Egyptian third millennium BCE medicine and astronomy should allow ancient Egypt an important place in the history of science. The argument is

Is there a future for ancient science?

  • G. Lloyd
  • Education
    Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society
  • 2001
My title has a narrow and a broader reference. The narrower one relates to the question of whether the study of ancient science will continue in this University. Valedictories do not have the same

Astronomical and Optical Principles in the Architecture of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople

Argument Textual and material evidence suggests that early Byzantine architects, known as mechanikoi, were comprehensively educated in the mathematical sciences according to contemporary standards.

Translating Babylonian Mathematical Astronomy: Neugebauer and Beyond

Otto Neugebauer’s involvement with Babylonian mathematical astronomy, one of the central topics of his research, can be traced through more than 30 publications stretching over the period from 1936

The Development of Accounting through the History

This paper seeks to further advance our increasing knowledge of the history of accounting outside English-speaking countries in periods earlier than the modern era. It also contests de Ste. Croix's

The treatment of observations in early astronomy

Il est certain que l'application de la theorie des erreurs etait repandue dans les arpentages antiques, mais quelle fut son influence sur le traitement des observations des anciens astronomes?



Studies in Ancient Astronomy. VII. Magnitudes of Lunar eclipses in Babylonian Mathematical Astronomy

When F. X. Kugler’s monumental work “Die Babylonische Mondrechnung” appeared in 1900, it presented for the first time an insight into the methods and achievements of Babylonian astronomy of the

History of the Planetary Systems from Thales to Kepler

BY the publication of this masterly account of the development of cosmogonic ideas and the history of planetary systems from the early dawn of Greek philosophy to the final establishment of the

Origin of the Egyptian Calendar

  • History, Physics
  • 1941
THE calendar of the ancient Egyptians was one of the earliest experiments in calendar making, and it was one of the most enduring. It was still in use at the beginning of the Christian era much as it

Exact Science in Antiquity

CONTACT between highly different cultures apparently gave the impetus to important developments in the early history of the exact sciences, namely, mathematics and astronomy. The development of exact

Sketch of a History of the Sexagesimal System

With the Greeks, and then with the Arabs, the sexagesimal system has been an academic system of numeration, used by the astronomers. We still avail ourselves of this system for the measurement of

The Computation of the Length of Daylight in Hindu Astronomy

Note on the illustrations. The facsimiles of the titlepages to the two volumes of Mein Kampf and of the preface to vol. I have been taken, with kind permission, from copies of the first edition in

A Greco-Egyptian Mathematical Papyrus

The papyrus numbered 621 in the recently acquired collection of the University of Michigan, since it contains tables of fractions, adds another to the rather brief list of documents bearing upon

Studies in the History of Mediaeval Science

THERE are few words which can evoke such a wealth and variety of reactions as “medieval.” To the average man, perhaps, it recalls glimpses of illuminated missals caught in a brief walk through the

The Origin of the Egyptian Calendar

Probably no calendaric institution has continued over a longer period than the Egyptian calendar. After its uninterrupted use during all of Egyptian history, the Hellenistic astronomers adopted the

The Astronomical Ceiling-Decoration in the Tomb of Senmut (XVIIIth Dynasty)

The recently discovered astronomical ceiling-decoration in the tomb of Senmut (XVIIIth dynasty; about 1500 B.C.) follows, in general, the same prototype as the well-known ceiling in the Ramesseum