THE EVOLUTION OF THE USE OF TOOLS BY FEEDING ANIMALS

@article{Alcock1972THEEO,
  title={THE EVOLUTION OF THE USE OF TOOLS BY FEEDING ANIMALS},
  author={John Alcock},
  journal={Evolution},
  year={1972},
  volume={26}
}
  • J. Alcock
  • Published 1 September 1972
  • Biology
  • Evolution
The purpose of this paper is to examine cases of tool-using behavior by animals feeding under natural conditions and to discuss the origin, transmission, and subsequent evolution of this behavior. Hall's important paper (1963) on this subject dealt largely with weapon using by animal species. Van Lawick-Goodall's broad ranging review (1970) is devoted entirely to birds and mammals with heavy emphasis on the chimpanzee. I wish to focus attention on feeding tools and to examine these cases from… 
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References

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Tool-Using Performances as Indicators of Behavioral Adaptability
  • K. Hall
  • Psychology, Biology
    Current Anthropology
  • 1963
TLDR
Certain performances by nonprimate animals indicate that tool-using of a very effective, though presumably restricted, kind can evolve in animals having a narrow habitat range, and in whom, therefore, other significant aspects of adaptability may be missing.
More on Tool-Use Among Primates
TLDR
Bennett renders a disservice by trying to cram his article into a synchronic functionalist mould and declares that the program suggested by Harris' findings .would seek small but signi­ ficant modifications in the existing regime to make cattle more directly related to cash agrarian economy.
Use of Tools by Wild Macaque Monkeys in Singapore
TLDR
All known reports of tool use in wild and captive primates have been listed and the use of a heavy bone by a captive Capuchin to crack nuts is discussed.
Use of Tools by the Egyptian Vulture, Neophron percnopterus
THE use of natural objects as tools by free-living vertebrates has, so far as we know, been reported for four species only—the chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes; the gorilla, Gorilla gorilla; the
The Opening of Milk Bottles by Birds
TLDR
The Research Committee of the British Trust for Ornithology supported the writers in their view that useful information could be derived from the collection of facts about the spread of the habit from members of ornithological societies and from the general public.
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PROF. KÖHLER'S book marks a distinct advance in comparative psychology, for he was able to study his chimpanzees in very favourable conditions of health and housing in Teneriffe. He also realised
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The Sea-Otter
SOME twenty years ago, in the days of the Bering Sea question, Captain Snow was well known as an authority on certain of the fur-seal fisheries of the North Pacific, and he was, and still is, known
Darwin's Finches
  • D. Lack
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • 1947
TLDR
Part I. An evolutionary tree: The origin of the Galapagos fauna, the origin of subspecies, and an evolutionary tree of species: The persistence of species.
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