author={Elaine Romanelli},
  journal={Review of Sociology},
Rather quietly over the last decade, a large body of literature has emerged to consider how new forms of organization arise and become established in the organizational community. The literature represents a very wide array of theoretical perspectives, and no emerging consensus or dominant theme can plausibly be identified. No long stream of research has been produced to validate the arguments of any perspective. What we find instead is a disparate group of mostly nascent theories from… Expand
The Coevolution of New Organizational Forms
This paper outlines an alternative theory of organization-environment coevolution that generalizes a model of organization adaptation first proposed by March (1991), linking firm-level explorationExpand
The Emergence and Evolution of Social Networking Sites as an Organizational Form
A number of new organizational structures have emerged in recent years, including peer production networks, digitally organized social movements, and social networking sites (SNSs). Researchers haveExpand
Differentiating organizational boundaries
Although extant theory has illuminated conditions under which organizations mimic each other in form and practice, little research examines how organizations seek to differentiate themselves fromExpand
Toward a Phylogenetic Reconstruction of Organizational Life
Synopsis: Classification is an important activity that facilitates theory development in many academic disciplines. Scholars in fields such as organizational science, management science and economicsExpand
Toward a Phylogenetic Reconstruction of Organizational Life
SynopsisClassification is an important activity that facilitates theory development in many academic disciplines. Scholars in fields such as organizational science, management science and economicsExpand
Before Identity: The Emergence of New Organizational Forms
Drawing from social psychological and sociological theories of identity formation, processes of individual identification and collective identity development that precede and promote the formation of similar clusters are explained, which audiences can then recognize and distinguish from established organizational populations and other emerging similarity clusters. Expand
Organizational Form Emergence
In this study, the authors provide an assessment of the ecological theory of organizational form emergence and focus on the positive density effect associated with legitimation. The argument comes inExpand
The Architecture of New Organizational Forms ∗
The recent decade’s research on organizational forms has gained important headway in converging upon a few particularly important causes of the new forms that have been observed. Yet, most studiesExpand
Constructed Ecologies: Toward an Institutional Ecology of Reproduction and Structuration in Emerging Organizational Communities
This paper addresses an underdeveloped avenue for integrating Institutional Theory and Organizational Ecology. In addition to analyzing institutions as resource constraints, ecologists would do wellExpand
Organizational Forming in Amodern Times: Reinserting the Dynamic into the Organizational
While there is an obvious concern that “new organizational forms” are appearing, and despite the topic receiving increased attention, scholars, as yet, have been unable to theorize, grasp or accountExpand


Organizational Legitimacy and the Liability of Newness
Investigates the processes in organizations that underlie the liability of newness--i.e., the higher propensity of younger organizations to die. Whether the liability of newness is due primarily toExpand
Where do organizational forms come from?
Most theory and research on organizations assumes that the great diversity of organizational attributes reflects variation in implementation of a relatively small number of forms. Modern conceptionsExpand
Influences on the rise of new organizations: the formation of women's medical societies.
  • C. Marrett
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Administrative science quarterly
  • 1980
This study examined the organizational context in which medical societies composed of women physicians were formed in the last decade of the nineteenth century in America and showed more medical societies in the cities where women's medical societies emerged than in a matched set of cities. Expand
The Two Ecologies: Population and Community Perspectives on Organizational Evolution.
W. Graham Astley This paper distinguishes between two ecological perspectives on organizational evolution: population ecology and community ecology. The perspectives adopt different levels ofExpand
Niche Width and the Dynamics of Organizational Populations
This paper explores the effects of environmental variability and grain on the niche width of organizational populations. It develops a model of the manner in which environmental variations affect theExpand
Institutionalized Organizations: Formal Structure as Myth and Ceremony
Many formal organizational structures arise as reflections of rationalized institutional rules. The elaboration of such rules in modern states and societies accounts in part for the expansion andExpand
Organizational Transformation: A Case Study of a Declining Social Movement
T is generally recognized that the organized arms of value-oriented social movements I may remain intact long after the movements themselves have lost general impetus. While it is to be expected thatExpand
The Population Ecology of Organizations
A population ecology perspective on organization-environment relations is proposed as an alternative to the dominant adaptation perspective. The strength of inertial pressures on organizationalExpand
Density Delay in the Evolution of Organizational Populations: A Model and Five Empirical Tests
This research was supported by National Science Foundation grant SES-8809006 and by the Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California, Berkeley. An earlier version was presented at theExpand
The Ecology of Organizational Founding: American Labor Unions, 1836-1985
This paper analyzes the founding rate of national labor unions in the United States for the period 1836-1985. It investigates the effects of competitive processes and environmental effects on thisExpand