THE ECOLOGY OF MUTUALISM

@inproceedings{Boucher1982THEEO,
  title={THE ECOLOGY OF MUTUALISM},
  author={Douglas H. Boucher and Samuel Wooster James and Kathleen H. Keeler},
  year={1982}
}
Elementary ecology texts tell us that organisms interact in three fundamental ways, generally given the names competition, predation, and mutualism. The third member has gotten short shrift (264), and even its name is not generally agreed on. Terms that may be considered synonyms, in whole or part, are symbiosis, commensalism, cooperation, protocooperation, mutual aid, facilitation, reciprocal altruism, and entraide. We use the term mutualism, defined as "an interaction between species that is… CONTINUE READING

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