THE BATTLE OF ACTIUM: A RECONSIDERATION*

@article{Lange2011THEBO,
  title={THE BATTLE OF ACTIUM: A RECONSIDERATION*},
  author={Carsten Hjort Lange},
  journal={The Classical Quarterly},
  year={2011},
  volume={61},
  pages={608 - 623}
}
  • C. Lange
  • Published 9 November 2011
  • History
  • The Classical Quarterly
Ancient writers present, with one exception, a consistent account of how Antonius came to lose the battle of Actium on 2 September 31 B.C. In these versions, while the battle was still raging, Cleopatra and her squadron took flight, and Antonius chose to join them. His abandoned fleet fought on bravely but succumbed by the end of the day, and Antonius’ army of nineteen legions surrendered to Octavian a few days later. However, until Cleopatra’s withdrawal, Antonius had been fighting for victory… 
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