THE ANATOMIC LOCATION OF THE SOUL FROM THE HEART, THROUGH THE BRAIN, TO THE WHOLE BODY, AND BEYOND: A JOURNEY THROUGH WESTERN HISTORY, SCIENCE, AND PHILOSOPHY

@article{Santoro2009THEAL,
  title={THE ANATOMIC LOCATION OF THE SOUL FROM THE HEART, THROUGH THE BRAIN, TO THE WHOLE BODY, AND BEYOND: A JOURNEY THROUGH WESTERN HISTORY, SCIENCE, AND PHILOSOPHY},
  author={Giuseppe Santoro and Mark D. Wood and Lucia Merlo and Giuseppe Anastasi and Francesco Tomasello and Antonino F. German{\`o}},
  journal={Neurosurgery},
  year={2009},
  volume={65},
  pages={633–643}
}
OBJECTIVETo describe representative Western philosophical, theological, and scientific ideas regarding the nature and location of the soul from the Egyptians to the contemporary period; and to determine the principal themes that have structured the history of the development of the concept of the soul and the implications of the concept of the soul for medical theory and practice. METHODSWe surveyed the ancient Egyptian, Greek, and Roman periods, the early, Medieval, and late Christian eras, as… Expand
DESCARTES and his project of a fantasized brain
TLDR
The macroscopic anatomy of the varied structures of the brain were identified over the centuries, and the predominating solid substance was seen as amorphous, and devoid of any specific function, until the Renaissance. Expand
From the Belief of the Immortality of the Soul, the Blessing or the Harassing of the Soul Towards People to the Worship of the Souls of Vietnamese People
Does the soul exist? If there exists where it is, what it is doing and if the soul does not exist why is it still appear in the daily lives of so many people, so many generations and many places inExpand
The history of optic chiasm from antiquity to the twentieth century
TLDR
The history of the optic chiasm is a fascinating time travel displaying the conceptual transformations that have been made in anatomy and medicine by the authors' forerunners. Expand
The Soul – From a Religious-Philosophical Conjecture, Towards a Scientific-Medical Matter
Currently, on Western sciences of health, the word “psyche” (from the Greek ψυχή) is closely associated to the concept of mind in all its aspects: awareness (consciousness), emotion (affect), andExpand
Discovery of the Circulatory System
Since ancient times, the heart has been equated to a household divinity, the source of life and that of the immortal soul. Throughout the Middle Ages, poets, kings, lords, and subjects alike hadExpand
Neuropsychiatry: The Story So Far
The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries saw the birth of the terms ‘neurology’ and ‘psychiatry’, the two components of the word ‘neuropsychiatry’. Despite the excess of a too literal approach toExpand
Depiction of the neuroscientific principles of human motion 2 millennia ago by Lucretius
TLDR
Titus Lucretius's description of human motion recognized the fundamental principles understood by contemporary neurologists and neuroscientists, namely the importance of the mind and intelligence in determining whether to move, in the initiation of motion and its effect on the rest of the body. Expand
Searching for the Origin through Central Nervous System: A Review and Thought which Related to Microgravity, Evolution, Big Bang Theory and Universes, Soul and Brainwaves, Greater Limbic System and Seat of the Soul.
  • Z. Idris
  • Biology, Medicine
  • The Malaysian journal of medical sciences : MJMS
  • 2014
TLDR
The hypothesis on 'the origin' based on the microgravity were explored and their similarities were identified including the brainwaves and soul and an idea from Leonardo da Vinci seems in agreement with the notion of seat of the soul at the greater limbic system. Expand
Understanding Brain, Mind and Soul: Contributions from Neurology and Neurosurgery
  • S. Pandya
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Mens sana monographs
  • 2011
TLDR
The philosophical neurosurgeon soon encounters difficulties when localising the abstract concepts of mind and soul within the tangible 1300-gram organ containing 100 billion neurones. Expand
A belief in the soul may contribute to the stress experienced in the dissecting room
TLDR
The data suggest that a belief in a soul may affect students' experiences in dissecting and that incorporating the teaching of humanities with anatomy may help medical students as they assimilate both the biomedical and philosophical aspects of dissection. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES
Leonardo da Vinci: the search for the soul
TLDR
The author examines the sources of this ancient question, the knowledge base tapped by Leonardo for his personal search for the soul, and the views of key individuals who followed him. Expand
The soul and the brain between anatomy and Naturphilosophie in the early nineteenth century.
  • M. Hagner
  • Medicine, Philosophy
  • Medical history
  • 1992
TLDR
It has often been argued that Soemmerring's attempt was a late revival of the medieval cell doctrine, an opinion that,'as I will show, is based on a profound misunderstanding of Soemerring's intentions. Expand
Phrenology in the science and culture of the 19th century.
TLDR
The early pioneers of modern localization, especially Paul Broca and David Ferrier, were careful to define how their theories differed from phrenology, even as they provided the clinical and scientific data that confirmed some of its basic tenets. Expand
Soul, mind, brain: Greek philosophy and the birth of neuroscience
TLDR
A brief history of the leading doctrines on the essence of soul and the properties of mind professed by Greek philosophers and physicians as well as the early attempts to localize brain faculties and to explain neural disorders are provided. Expand
The early history of the synapse: from plato to sherrington
  • M. Bennett
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Brain Research Bulletin
  • 1999
TLDR
The concept of the synapse emerged from considerations of how muscles are contracted and so locomotion affected over a period of 2400 years, from the time of Plato and Aristotle in the 4th century BC to the early part of the 20th century. Expand
Gardner's Art Through the Ages
The birth of art - Africa, Europe, and the Near East in the Stone Age the rise of civilization - the art of the ancient Near East pharaohs, tombs, and temples - the art of Ancient Egypt Minos and theExpand
The Seat of the Soul
  • P. Bailey
  • Medicine
  • Perspectives in biology and medicine
  • 1959
TLDR
In the beginning of any discussion it is wise to define one's terms, but so many meanings have been given for the term "soul" as to lead some people to doubt its existence. Expand
The Search for the Soul
TLDR
There is probably no more interesting chapter in the history of thought than that which deals with the speculations as to soul and mind, because hypothesis and speculation held the field. Expand
Are we evolved computers?: A critical review of Steven Pinker's How the mind works
Steven Pinker's How the mind works (HTMW) marks in my opinion an historic point in the history of humankind's attempt to understand itself. Socrates delivered his "know thyself" imperative ratherExpand
The passions of the soul
TABLE OF CONTENTS: Translator's Introduction Introduction by Genevieve Rodis-Lewis The Passions of the Sou l: Preface PART I: About the Passions in General, and Incidentally about the Entire NatureExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...