THE ANATOMIC LOCATION OF THE SOUL FROM THE HEART, THROUGH THE BRAIN, TO THE WHOLE BODY, AND BEYOND: A JOURNEY THROUGH WESTERN HISTORY, SCIENCE, AND PHILOSOPHY

@article{Santoro2009THEAL,
  title={THE ANATOMIC LOCATION OF THE SOUL FROM THE HEART, THROUGH THE BRAIN, TO THE WHOLE BODY, AND BEYOND: A JOURNEY THROUGH WESTERN HISTORY, SCIENCE, AND PHILOSOPHY},
  author={Giuseppe Santoro and Mark D. Wood and Lucia Merlo and Giuseppe Anastasi and Francesco Tomasello and Antonino Francesco German{\'o}},
  journal={Neurosurgery},
  year={2009},
  volume={65},
  pages={633–643}
}
OBJECTIVETo describe representative Western philosophical, theological, and scientific ideas regarding the nature and location of the soul from the Egyptians to the contemporary period; and to determine the principal themes that have structured the history of the development of the concept of the soul and the implications of the concept of the soul for medical theory and practice. METHODSWe surveyed the ancient Egyptian, Greek, and Roman periods, the early, Medieval, and late Christian eras, as… 

Figures from this paper

DESCARTES and his project of a fantasized brain

The macroscopic anatomy of the varied structures of the brain were identified over the centuries, and the predominating solid substance was seen as amorphous, and devoid of any specific function, until the Renaissance.

From the Belief of the Immortality of the Soul, the Blessing or the Harassing of the Soul Towards People to the Worship of the Souls of Vietnamese People

Does the soul exist? If there exists where it is, what it is doing and if the soul does not exist why is it still appear in the daily lives of so many people, so many generations and many places in

The history of optic chiasm from antiquity to the twentieth century

The history of the optic chiasm is a fascinating time travel displaying the conceptual transformations that have been made in anatomy and medicine by the authors' forerunners.

The Soul – From a Religious-Philosophical Conjecture, Towards a Scientific-Medical Matter

Currently, on Western sciences of health, the word “psyche” (from the Greek ψυχή) is closely associated to the concept of mind in all its aspects: awareness (consciousness), emotion (affect), and

Discovery of the Circulatory System

Since ancient times, the heart has been equated to a household divinity, the source of life and that of the immortal soul. Throughout the Middle Ages, poets, kings, lords, and subjects alike had

Neuropsychiatry: The Story So Far

The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries saw the birth of the terms ‘neurology’ and ‘psychiatry’, the two components of the word ‘neuropsychiatry’. Despite the excess of a too literal approach to

Depiction of the neuroscientific principles of human motion 2 millennia ago by Lucretius

Titus Lucretius's description of human motion recognized the fundamental principles understood by contemporary neurologists and neuroscientists, namely the importance of the mind and intelligence in determining whether to move, in the initiation of motion and its effect on the rest of the body.

Searching for the Origin through Central Nervous System: A Review and Thought which Related to Microgravity, Evolution, Big Bang Theory and Universes, Soul and Brainwaves, Greater Limbic System and Seat of the Soul.

  • Z. Idris
  • Physics
    The Malaysian journal of medical sciences : MJMS
  • 2014
The hypothesis on 'the origin' based on the microgravity were explored and their similarities were identified including the brainwaves and soul and an idea from Leonardo da Vinci seems in agreement with the notion of seat of the soul at the greater limbic system.

A belief in the soul may contribute to the stress experienced in the dissecting room

The data suggest that a belief in a soul may affect students' experiences in dissecting and that incorporating the teaching of humanities with anatomy may help medical students as they assimilate both the biomedical and philosophical aspects of dissection.

LESSONS FROM THE HEART: REVISITING THE PSYCHOCARDIOLOGICAL THEORIES OF ARISTOTLE IN THE 21ST CENTURY

Although this knowledge is currently outdated, revisiting his findings and methods is a source of lessons and inspirations for modern researchers and practitioners.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES

Leonardo da Vinci: the search for the soul

The author examines the sources of this ancient question, the knowledge base tapped by Leonardo for his personal search for the soul, and the views of key individuals who followed him.

The soul and the brain between anatomy and Naturphilosophie in the early nineteenth century.

It has often been argued that Soemmerring's attempt was a late revival of the medieval cell doctrine, an opinion that,'as I will show, is based on a profound misunderstanding of Soemerring's intentions.

Phrenology in the science and culture of the 19th century.

The early pioneers of modern localization, especially Paul Broca and David Ferrier, were careful to define how their theories differed from phrenology, even as they provided the clinical and scientific data that confirmed some of its basic tenets.

Soul, mind, brain: Greek philosophy and the birth of neuroscience

The early history of the synapse: from plato to sherrington

Gardner's Art Through the Ages

The birth of art - Africa, Europe, and the Near East in the Stone Age the rise of civilization - the art of the ancient Near East pharaohs, tombs, and temples - the art of Ancient Egypt Minos and the

The Seat of the Soul

  • P. Bailey
  • Philosophy
    Perspectives in biology and medicine
  • 1959
In the beginning of any discussion it is wise to define one's terms, but so many meanings have been given for the term "soul" as to lead some people to doubt its existence.

The Search for the Soul

There is probably no more interesting chapter in the history of thought than that which deals with the speculations as to soul and mind, because hypothesis and speculation held the field.

Are we evolved computers?: A critical review of Steven Pinker's How the mind works

Steven Pinker's How the mind works (HTMW) marks in my opinion an historic point in the history of humankind's attempt to understand itself. Socrates delivered his "know thyself" imperative rather

The passions of the soul

TABLE OF CONTENTS: Translator's Introduction Introduction by Genevieve Rodis-Lewis The Passions of the Sou l: Preface PART I: About the Passions in General, and Incidentally about the Entire Nature