• Corpus ID: 53394126


  author={Vladimir Shiltsev},
  journal={Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage},
  • V. Shiltsev
  • Published 1 March 2014
  • Physics
  • Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage
Russian polymath Mikhail Vasil'evich Lomonosov claimed to have discovered the atmosphere of Venus during the planet's transit over the Sun's disc in 1761. Although several other astronomers observed similar effects during the 1761 and 1769 transits, Lomonosov's claim for priority is the strongest as he was the first to publish a comprehensive scientific report, and the first to offer a detailed explanation of the aureole around Venus at ingress and egress, which was caused by refraction of the… 

The Lomonossov arc: refraction and scattering in Venus atmosphere during solar transits

: The main observations of 1761 by M. Lomonossov and those that followed are recalled by extending the discussion to other remarkable visual observations of the passages, then with more and more

Atmospheric Phenomena Originating from Electrical Force by

Among the ancient poets it was a custom, listeners, to start their poems with an invocation of the gods or with praise for heroes assembled among the gods so that their words would acquire more

Imaging Polarimetry with Polarization-Sensitive Focal Plane Arrays

Astrophysical Sciences and Technology Doctor of Philosophy Imaging polarimetry with polarization-sensitive focal plane arrays by Dmitry Vorobiev Polarization is an intrinsic property of light, like

Mikhail Lomonosov. Meditations on Solidity and Fluidity of Bodies(1760). English translation and commentary by V.Shiltsev

This is English translation of Mikhail Lomonosov seminal work from its Russian original. It continues the series of English translations of most important scientific works included by Lomonosov in



Lomonosov, the discovery of Venus's atmosphere, and the eighteenth-century transits of Venus

The discovery of Venus's atmosphere has been widely attributed to the Russian academician M.V. Lomonosov from his observations of the 1761 transit of Venus from St. Petersburg. Other observers at the

Mikhail Lomonosov and the discovery of the atmosphere of Venus during the 1761 transit

  • M. Marov
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • 2004
The atmosphere of Venus was discovered for the first time by the Russian scientist Mikhail V. Lomonosov at the St Petersburg Observatory in 1761. Lomonosov detected the refraction of solar rays while

Did Lomonosov see the Venusian atmosphere

Vladimir Shiltsev (Physics Today, February 2012, page 40) properly credits Mikhail Lomonosov with a wide range of scientific achievements. But we have been corresponding with Shiltsev for some months

Indian astronomy and the transits of Venus. 1: The early observations

This paper, the first of two, is about sightings and astronomical observations of transits of Venus across the disk of the Sun made from the Indian region. The period covered in this first paper is

Transit of Venus: 1631 to the Present

"In his new book, Transit of Venus, 1631 to the Present, Dr Nick Lomb - an astronomer at the Sydney Observatpry and the author of the Australian Sky Guide - has produced what may be his most timely

The Planet Venus

Shrouded by the thick clouds of hot, dense atmosphere, the planet Venus - Earth's closest neighbour in space - remained mysterious until recent decades. Today, with data from contemporary

Experimental reconstruction of Lomonosov’s discovery of Venus’s atmosphere with antique refractors during the 2012 transit of Venus

In 1761, the Russian polymath Mikhail Vasilievich Lomonosov (1711–1765) discovered the atmosphere of Venus during its transit over the Sun’s disc. In this paper we report on experimental reenactments

Venusians: the Planet Venus in the 18th-Century Extraterrestrial Life Debate

In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries it became possible to believe in the existence of life on other planets on scientific grounds. Once the Earth was no longer the centre of the universe

James Cook's 1769 transit of Venus expedition to Tahiti

  • W. Orchiston
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • 2004
After the failure of the 1761 transit to provide a reliable value for the astronomical unit, the focus shifted to the 1769 event, and Britain mounted an ambitious program, with overseas observing