The first 100 cases of the 135 THARIES surface replacement procedures with 4--32 months follow-up, are evaluated in terms of clinical results, radiographic information and complications. The short but detailed follow-up suggests that this procedure was an excellent alternative for the younger and more active population. The overall hip ratings (pain, walking and function) and range of motion are comparable to that of stem-type total hip replacements. When the THARIES and conventional hip results are further compared in 34 patients matched by sex and age for 3 major etiological groups (osteoarthritis, osteonecrosis and congenital hip dysplasia), the interim results are essentially comparable for both types. Three cases in the first 100 have required revision. One patient (no. 1) with osteoporosis, chondrolysis and arthrofibrosis following slipped capital femoral epiphysis had loose femoral and acetabular components 24 months postoperatively. He was revised to a T-28 hip replacement. The polyethylene socket in another patient (no. 4), the first dysplastic hip in this series, was 20 nm uncovered superiorly, became loose and was revised 9 months postoperatively. Now 15 months postoperative with a more medial THARIES acetabulum, the patient continues to have a good result. Another patient (no. 12) with bilateral dysplastic hips became progressively more disabled due to heterotopic bone, which was then excised 18 months postoperatively. Radiographic studies of the THARIES sockets demonstrate radiolucent zones at the cement-bone interfaces of the acetabulum in 88 cases, partial in 51 and complete in 37. Three hips were currently considered to have evidence of progressive socket loosening but are active and asymptomatic. There have been no femoral neck fractures in this series which we attribute to the custom fitting ability inherent in the range of components, the reaming protocol and the various remodelling guides. There have been no prosthetic breakages, subluxations, dislocations or sepsis. The complications observed in this series are minor and comparable to that of many other total hip arthroplasty operations. Nerve palsy and trochanteric separation have not been major problems although one existing peroneal nerve dysfunction and one trochanteric migration emphasize the need to minimize these complications by careful handling of the operative leg, and an accurate trochanteric reattachment technique.