TGFbeta and retinoic acid intersect in immune-regulation.


Transforming growth factor (TGFbeta) prevents T(H)1 and T(H)2 differentiation and converts naïve CD4 cells into Foxp3-expressing T regulatory (Treg) cell.(1,2) In sharp contrast, in the presence of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-6, TGFbeta not only inhibits Foxp3 expression but also promotes the differentiation of pro-inflammatory IL17-producing… (More)


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