TGF-beta1 and angiotensin networking in cardiac remodeling.


The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) play a pivotal role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Recent studies indicate that angiotensin II (Ang II) and TGF-beta1 do not act independently from one another but rather act as part of a signalling network in order to promote cardiac remodeling… (More)