TERT Promoter Mutations in Familial and Sporadic Melanoma

@article{Horn2013TERTPM,
  title={TERT Promoter Mutations in Familial and Sporadic Melanoma},
  author={Susanne Horn and Adina Figl and P. Sivaramakrishna Rachakonda and Christine Fischer and Antje Sucker and Andreas Gast and Stephanie Kadel and Iris Moll and Eduardo Nagore and Kari Hemminki and Dirk Schadendorf and Rajiv Kumar},
  journal={Science},
  year={2013},
  volume={339},
  pages={959 - 961}
}
Promoter Mutations and Cancer Cancer genome sequencing projects have highlighted the pathogenic role of recurrent mutations within the protein-coding regions of genes. Now, two studies suggest that the scope of mutations in human tumors extends to gene regulatory regions. In a study of 70 melanomas, Huang et al. (p. 957, published online 24 January) found that 71% harbored one of two specific mutations in the promoter region of TERT, the gene coding for the catalytic subunit of telomerase, the… 

Recurrent and functional regulatory mutations in breast cancer

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Mutations in the promoter of the telomerase gene TERT contribute to tumorigenesis by a two-step mechanism

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Frequency of TERT Promoter Mutations in Prostate Cancer

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TERT promoter mutations in primary and secondary glioblastomas

The results suggest that the prognostic value of TERT mutations for poor survival is largely due to their inverse correlation with IDH1 mutations, which are a significant prognostic marker of better survival in patients with secondary glioblastomas.

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Overall, this analysis prioritized several recurrent functional non-coding variants that, through downregulation of CDC20, led to perturbation of key melanoma phenotypes.

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The data indicate that silent alterations have a role to play in human cancer, emphasizing the importance of their investigation in future cancer genome studies, and shows selection of a recurrent somatic synonymous mutation in cancer.

Somatic mutations in telomerase promoter counterbalance germline loss-of-function mutations

The somatic acquisition of promoter mutations in telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) in blood leukocytes of approximately 5% of individuals with inherited loss-of-function coding mutations in TERT or poly(A)-specific ribonuclease (PARN), another gene linked to telomere function is described.
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