author={Lynet Uttal and Mary C. Tuominen},
  journal={Gender \& Society},
  pages={758 - 780}
The relatively recent shift of family caregiving to the public market of service work raises questions about how to theorize paid caregiving. This article examines how to conceptualize child rearing when it is transferred to a paid worker. The gendered character of commodified caregiving is complicated by structural locations of race and class that define the employer-employee relationship. Previous discussions of paid child care work as emotionally meaningful work have been criticized as… 
Postsocialist Caring Biographies: Care Work between Work and Non-Work
Abstract:This article examines the ambiguous status of paid care work by focusing on how nannies make sense of paid care work. Drawing on fifteen in-depth interviews with Czech nannies caring for
Caring as Work: Research and Theory
For all the attention paid to wage labor and the market, it is only in recent decades that scholars have begun to focus on care, the work that we do to nurture and support each other in our society.
Sociology and Studies of Gender, Caregiving, and Inequality
This review focuses on scholarship that illuminates the ties between gendered care and persistent gender inequality. After an overview of work on gender and care across the disciplines, it examines
The Right and Responsibility to Care: Oppositional Consciousness Among Family Child Care Providers of Color
ABSTRACT. This participatory action research project reveals how family child care providers of color use oppositional consciousness to claim the right to increased social recognition and economic
“It's Like a Family”
This article contributes to carework scholarship by examining the nexus of gender, class, and race in long-term care facilities. We draw out a family ideology at work that promotes good care of
Reproducing the Privilege of White Femininity: An Intersectional Analysis of Home Care
Research elucidates the gendered and racialized assumptions and practices embedded within occupational organizations but has considered less how race and gender mutually constitute the structure of
Paid Caregiving in the Gendered Life Course: A Study of Czech Nannies in Vietnamese Immigrant Families
Vietnamese immigrant families in the Czech Republic often recruit Czech women to look after their children. Seen in the context of the dominant scholarship, this is a quite unique case in the fi eld
Racial Distinctions in Middle-Class Motherhood: Ideologies and Practices of African-American Middle-Class Mothers
Author(s): Dow, Dawn Marie | Advisor(s): Ray, Raka | Abstract: My dissertation examines how intersections of racial identity, class and gender influence the cultural expectations and decisions of
Caring for Them Like Family
Scholars examining kin and community care have often sought to identify the relative importance of structural and cultural factors on the use and availability of these networks, but research has
Outsourcing Elderly Care to Migrant Workers: The Impact of Gender and Class on the Experience of Male Employers
This article, based on semi-structured interviews, addresses masculinity in the international division of reproductive labour through an analysis of the impact of gender and class on the outsourcing


Negotiated Care: The Experience of Family Day Care Providers
This book explores the daily lives of family day care providers and provides useful insights into the role of caregiving in women's lives and the phenomenon of home-based work, and contributes to the ongoing policy debates about child care.
Motherhood and the Market: Mothering and Employment Opportunities among Mexicana, African-American and Euro-American Family Day Care Workers
Abstract While previous research identifies the ideology of the full-time, at-home mother as a primary force that influences women's entry into family day care work, this study reveals a more complex
In this study, family- and center-based child care providers participated in day-long research workshops in which they first identified dimensions of an “ideal” caregiving situation and then, using a
The Hidden Organization of Labor: Gender, Race/Ethnicity and Child-Care Work in the Formal and Informal Economy
While extensive studies document the need for child care in the United States, little has been done to explore the organization of child-care work or its political economic context. The article
Women's work, men's work : sex segregation on the job
Even though women have made substantial progress in a number of formerly male occupations, sex segregation in the workplace remains a fact of life. This volume probes pertinent questions: Why has the
This study analyzes the meaning employed mothers give to having others take care of their children. In-depth interviews with 31 employed mothers of preschoolers, toddlers, and infants revealed three
Manufacturing Motherhood: The Shadow Work of Nannies and Au Pairs
This paper explores how working mothers and paid child care providers interpret the division of mothering labor in the context of in-home care. The nannies, au pairs, and working mothers interviewed
Gender, Class, and Motherhood: The Legacy of Federal Child Care Policy
The full-time at-home mother is a historically and politically constructed "ideal type" in the United States. Federal child care policies historically reinforced middle-class women's roles as
Meeting the child care needs of low-income families
This review essay describes public policies designed to assist low-income families and it examines the ways in which the child care problems those families face differ from those of more advantaged families.
A Typology of Approaches to Child Care
Analyzing data from a qualitative study of 95 dual-earner couples, this article seeks to understand the critical factors that explain couples' choice of day care arrangements. The different