author={Gary Alan Fine},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary Ethnography},
  pages={267 - 294}
  • G. Fine
  • Published 1 October 1993
  • Sociology
  • Journal of Contemporary Ethnography
As Everett Hughes noted, there is an “underside” to all work. Each job includes ways of doing things that would be inappropriate for those outside the guild to know. Illusions are essential for maintaining occupational reputation, but in the process they create a set of moral dilemmas. So it is with ethnographic work. This article describes the underside of ethnographic work: compromises that one frequently makes with idealized ethical standards. It argues that images of ethnographers—personal… 
“You’re a Sociologist, I Am Too . . . ”: Seducing the Ethnographer, Disruption, and Ambiguity in Fieldwork with (Mostly) Undocumented Youth
  • S. Rodriguez
  • Sociology
    Journal of Contemporary Ethnography
  • 2019
The article is about a set of methodological disruptions that occur in ethnographic fieldwork and what these disruptions mean for ethnographic studies, including analysis, representation of data, and
Sexual Harassment and the Construction of Ethnographic Knowledge
It is not uncommon for women researchers to experience sexualized interactions, sexual objectification, and harassment as they conduct fieldwork. Nevertheless, these experiences are often left out of
Critical ethnography and the invocation of voice: From the field/in the field - single exposure, double standard?
This paper examines how ethnographers weave/separate "academic" voices from those of their participants in the field. Engaging some of the critical understandings in qualitative research regarding
The seven deadly sins and ethnography
PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to conduct a general review of the ethnographic method. It uses metaphors to read several pieces of ethnographic research and discuss the different issues
On Becoming an Ethnographer
  • J. Katz
  • Sociology
    Journal of Contemporary Ethnography
  • 2018
Ethnographers shape a research self as they work through a series of existential choices. Self-defining choices must be made on: the genre or overall narrative logic of the text to be produced, how
Three lies of digital ethnography
The relative novelty of digital ethnography as a research methodology, along with the challenges that it moves to classical understandings of fieldwork, participation and representation, results in a
The ‘problem’ of undesigned relationality: Ethnographic fieldwork, dual roles and research ethics
Perhaps the most unique feature of ethnographic fieldwork is the distinctive form of relationality it entails, where the ethnographer's identity as a researcher is not fixed in the way typical of
Researcher’s guilt: confessions from the darker side of ethnographic consumer research
ABSTRACT A reflexive approach to qualitative research seeks to uncover structures of inequality in the research encounter. On the surface, it would seem that ethnographic methods provide the
Ethnography as Precarious Work
Reflecting on a carnal ethnography of the fashion modeling market, I consider the analytic gains from observant participation and experimentation with the sociologist's body as a participant in a
Qualitative research methodologies: ethnography
This article provides background for those who will encounter this methodology in their reading rather than instructions for carrying out such research, and outlines the key features of ethnographic research.


The taste of ethnographic things
This book is, at one level, a charming set of anecdotal essays on some of Stoller's experiences among the Songhay of Niger, and at another level a plea for more ethnographic candor on the part of
Paradoxes of “Consent” to the Practice of Fieldwork
In this essay I will deal with a few of the ethical issues generated in the conduct of that variety of social reseach termed variously as fieldwork, participant observation or ethnography (R.H. Wax,
Ethnography Unbound: Power and Resistance in the Modern Metropolis
In this powerful volume, ten original ethnographies explore two important issues: the ways in which people confront the threats and disruptions of contemporary life, and the ways in which researchers
With examples chosen principally from her own fieldwork, the author shows how age and gender affect the conduct of field research, facilitating the study of some groups and inhibiting (or
Many sociologists have tried in vain to find the “true” meaning of the classic works in the discipline. An interactionist perspective suggests that this search is not a valid one for sociologists,
Reflections on Fieldwork in Morocco
In this landmark study, now celebrating thirty years in print, Paul Rabinow takes as his focus the fieldwork that anthropologists do. How valid is the process? To what extent do the cultural data
A Comment on Disguised Observation in Sociology
We would suggest that, in principle, anyone is publicly accountable for the actions which it is his duty to perform. Most of the time, however, since sociologists are not muckrakers, it is not
The Development of Rapport through the Negotiation of Gender in Field Work among Police
This paper concerns the phenomenon of rapport in participant observation. It is divided into two parts. Part one concerns a critical evaluation of the sociological literature on rapport and presents
“You Still Takin' Notes?” Fieldwork and Problems of Informed Consent
BARRIE THORNE Michigan State University It has long been acknowledged that the openings of field research-gaining access, entree and rapport, and developing a workable relationship with those one
Initial Interaction of Newcomers in Alcoholics Anonymous: A Field Experiment in Class Symbols and Socialization
and in providing an avenue of expression for interests and a point of view that for a time were close to being outlawed by the advocates of "purity." As I said at the beginning, I have probably