author={Steven A. Stahl and Teri Shiel},
  journal={Reading \& Writing Quarterly},
Because most word meanings are learned from, exposure in context, and because poor readers read less and less challenging materials than do better readers, there is a gap between the word meaning knowledge of good readers and poor readers. To overcome this gap, direct instruction can help. But for such instruction to be maximally useful, it should be productive. Productive approaches to teaching word meanings involve teaching a set of target words in a way that generates knowledge of a larger… 

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